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Processus psychologiques, qualité de vie et devenir professionnel après lésion cérébrale acquise.Une étude longitudinale auprès de patients participant à un programme d’aide à l’intégration communautaire.

Abstract : Acquired brain injury (ABI) causes disorders with chronicity at the origin of difficulties in daily, social and professional activities. The interaction of brain-injured people’s lesional, personal and environmental factors will contribute to the resulting disability. Given the complexity of this disability, Community Integration (CI) training programs have been developed, such as the UEROS, to promote family, social and professional integration. A better understanding of the determinants of CI and the evolution of psychological processes during these programs seems necessary. The first objective of this work aims to enhance the evaluation of CI after ABI by validating, for the french language, the Community Integration Questionnaire-Revised (CIQ-R) by Callaway et. al (2016). The results of the transversal study carried out with 191 ABI patients show the psychometric qualities of the CIQ-R. This tool allows evaluation of four dimensions of CI as well as an overall CI score. The second objective of this work is twofold: to identify determinants of the professional outcome of patients 36 months after their entry into the UEROS-Aquitaine program and to study evolution of psychological processes, quality of life (QoL) and CI throughout their participation in the program. In the context of longitudinal study, 49 ABI patients were included upon entry to UEROS-Aquitaine program. Psychological, QoL and CI data were collected at 5 moments during 24 months and professional outcome was evaluated at 36 months. Three factors among those evaluated upon inclusion discriminate patients having found a professional activity (PA) from those with no PA 36 months later: young age, a low need for aids in daily living and use of positive thinking to cope with the difficulties associated with the ABI. Structural equation modeling indicates that depressive symptomatology and avoidance coping decrease until 1 year after inclusion and then increase in the second year. The "self" dimension of QOL and life satisfaction increase up to the first year and then decrease during the second year. Physical QoL increases over 2 years. Finally, the results indicate a lack of significant change in self-esteem scores, self-efficacy and CI over 2 years. The results as a whole have clinical implications both for the evaluation of ABI patients' CI and for their long-term support.
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Mathilde Carlsberg. Processus psychologiques, qualité de vie et devenir professionnel après lésion cérébrale acquise.Une étude longitudinale auprès de patients participant à un programme d’aide à l’intégration communautaire.. Psychologie. Université de Bordeaux, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019BORD0235⟩. ⟨tel-02461338⟩

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