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Structural behaviour of lateral load-carrying capacity of timber frame walls filled with hemp concrete : experimental study and numerical analysis

Abstract : Construction projects nowadays face significant challenges to reduce the large amounts of daily energy usage for utilities such as heating, electricity and hot water in residential and commercial buildings – especially in Europe. Many building regulations encourage the use of bio-based materials with superior physical properties for energy efficiency in the construction sector. The use of low-carbon material in structures such as hemp concrete, improves the insulation level and sound absorption and simultaneously decreases the weight of the building structure, as this natural material provides low-density aggregate. This study aimed to investigate the mechanical behaviour of timber frame walls against lateral loads. Cross-laminated timber walls (CLT) and Oriented Strand Board (OSB) were used in this study in order to examine the global lateral strength of timber walls. A theoretical approach has been proposed to predict the lateral performance of CLT wall against lateral loads and a comparison between the theoretical and experimental results has been conducted. Experimental testing was undertaken on a full-size example of two different designs of timber walls to investigate and highlight the parameters that significantly affect the lateral resistance of hemp concrete as infill material. Vertical studs and diagonal bracing elements under compression were used in this study, with dimensions of 2.5m height and 1.25m length. The results showed that hemp concrete makes a slight contribution against lateral loads in vertical stud timber wall of length 1.25m, which means that decreasing the length of timber wall significantly decreased the hemp concrete contribution against lateral loads. Three timber walls with different lengths (1.2m, 1.6m and 2.4m) filled with hemp concrete have been examined numerically in this study. Based on the numerical results, it was obvious that the length of the timber wall plays a major role in the lateral strength of hemp concrete, as increasing the wall length significantly increased the lateral strength of hemp concrete. Also, the contact and bonding between hemp material and timber studs significantly affected the lateral load carrying capacity of hemp concrete as infill material in timber frame walls.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 30, 2020 - 11:33:35 AM
Last modification on : Monday, February 3, 2020 - 2:10:24 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-02460691, version 1


Husam Wadi. Structural behaviour of lateral load-carrying capacity of timber frame walls filled with hemp concrete : experimental study and numerical analysis. Civil Engineering. Université Clermont Auvergne, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019CLFAC038⟩. ⟨tel-02460691⟩



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