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Mise en œuvre et perception de l'orthographe française chez des élèves de collège et des étudiants de sections de technicien supérieur.

Abstract : Nowadays, the omnipresence of written communication and digital development increase social needs for spelling skills in French-speaking countries. Several studies showed a level decrease, especially in grammatical morphology. Then we note a discrepancy between social needs for written production and French pupils’ skills. In our thesis, we investigate secondary school pupils’ spelling skills, with respect to performance, reasoning and perception of spelling social status. Given published studies, we make the following hypotheses : 1/ the most acute difficulties are concentrated in verbs and adjectives morphology ; 2/ pupils’ graphical procedures aren’t always compatible with written French morphosyntactic system ; 3/ given that the pupils grew up in France, their perception of spelling social status is consistent with observations in the rest of the population.French pupils are supposed to master French spelling at the beginning of senior secondary school. In practice, spelling isn’t actually taught after the fourth grade of secondary school in France. Therefore, our double investigation focus on two groups of pupils : from fourth grade of secondary school and from advanced technicien sections (STS) in short superior studies. We aimed to estimate their spelling performance and to establish which morphographic problems are the most difficult for them. For this purpose, we gathered 735 dictations from secondary school pupils and 178 from STS students. We completed this data with 135 interviews from secondary school pupils and 65 from STS students. These interviews fulfill two different goals : to establish which graphical procedures pupils use to solve their spelling problems and to investigate their perception of spelling.Our results confirm our hypotheses and enable us to refine them. Interviewed pupils’ knowledge of morphosyntaxic aspects in French is often insufficient to solve French difficulties, especially when syntax strays from the simplest pattern or in particularly complex cases like the past participle agreement. The analysis of the procedures used by the pupils in order to solve the difficulties shows that pupils don’t assimilate a part of the academic grammatical vocabulary. This suggests an investigation about the efficiency of current teaching methods. However, these difficulties to implement spelling standard are connected to a strong support of spelling social value. Some interviewed pupils say that they attach great importance to correct spelling and make every effort to respect it. However most of them declare that they adapt their degree of attention to the context. Very few assure never to worry about correct spelling. Therefore, almost all of them admit the necessity of writing according to spelling standard in some social contexts, which vary depending on their age. Nethertheless, spelling is linked with rather different values in their perception. Some of them reproduce very conservative positions but a greater part is open to a reflexion about language which doesn’t exclude spelling reform.
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Hélène Le Levier. Mise en œuvre et perception de l'orthographe française chez des élèves de collège et des étudiants de sections de technicien supérieur.. Linguistique. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAL008⟩. ⟨tel-02460387⟩

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