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Upscaling of Thermodynamic Properties for Flow Simulation in Low Permeability Unconventional Reservoirs

Abstract : Tight oil and shale gas reservoirs have a significant part of their pore volume occupied by micro (below 2nm) and mesopores (between 2 and 50nm). This kind of environment creates strong interaction forces in the confined fluid with pore walls as well as between its own molecules and then changes dramatically the fluid phase behavior. An important work has therefore to be done on developing upscaling methodology of the pore size distribution for large scale reservoir simulations. Firstly, molecular simulations are performed on different confined fluids in order to get reference thermodynamic properties at liquid/vapor equilibrium for different pore sizes. Then, the comparison with commonly used modified equation of state (EOS) in the literature highlighted the model of flash with capillary pressure and critical temperature and pressure shift as the best one to match reference molecular simulation results. Afterwards fine grid matrix/fracture simulations have been built and performed for different pore size distributions. Then, coarse grid upscaling models have then been performed on the same synthetic case and compared to the reference fine grid results. A new triple porosity model considering fracture, small pores and large pores with MINC (Multiple Interacting Continua) approach, has shown very good match with the reference fine grid results. Finally a large scale stimulated reservoir volume with different pore size distribution inside the matrix has been built using the upscaling method developed here.
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Nicolas Sobecki. Upscaling of Thermodynamic Properties for Flow Simulation in Low Permeability Unconventional Reservoirs. Earth Sciences. Sorbonne Université, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SORUS005⟩. ⟨tel-02459386⟩

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