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Les structures en creux du site mésolithique d'Auneau "le Parc du Château" (Eure-et-Loir) : nouveau bilan et implications concernant le mode de vie des dernières populations de chasseurs-collecteurs en Europe

Abstract : Our research leans on new analysis about the Mesolithic pits discovered during the excavation at "le Parc du Château" in Auneau (Eure-et-Loir; France). These 70 pits date between 8.000 and 5.500 cal. BC. Their various functions — i.e. graves, faunal hoards, pit-hearths, post-holes, extraction, storage, rubbish dumps — evocate long duration settlements. A European survey links to record more than 100 sites With such features, sometimes very numerous. These new data provide an original pattern, quite different from the traditional models of very mobile hunter-gatherer and short time encampment. Two kinds of features seem to be especially significant: food storage pits (similar to silos) may have allowed a delayed consumption of nuts (hazelnut or acorn) providing the bulk of food during the season of scarcity; rubbish pits indicate waste management linked to long term dwellings. From our point of view new subsistence strategies related with rich post-glacial environmental resources may allow some storing hunter-gatherer groups to adopt a sedentary way of life Since the middle Mesolithic — i.e. several millennia before the first interactions with Neolithic populations. The emergence of actual cemeteries in Euro e at the same period reveals also decreasing mobility evidence likewise some anthropogenic impacts on the environment and various equipment such as heavy lithic tools, basketry, pirogue, fishery, and so on.
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Christian Verjux. Les structures en creux du site mésolithique d'Auneau "le Parc du Château" (Eure-et-Loir) : nouveau bilan et implications concernant le mode de vie des dernières populations de chasseurs-collecteurs en Europe. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA010715⟩. ⟨tel-02459341⟩

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