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Characterization of native fruits of the amazon region and development of an amperometric biosensor for determination of antioxidant capacity

Abstract : Fruit consumption is encouraged for their contribution of natural bioactive compounds. This work aims to characterize ten indigenous fruits of the Amazonian region. Characterization was performed initially by bromatological analyzes, followed by the determination of Ca, Cu, Fe, Li, Mg, Mn, Na and Zn minerals by Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP OES). Then, the antioxidant capacity of the fruits was evaluated using different colorimetric methods (DPPH, ABTS and NBT), as well as the ant proliferative activity against the human colon cancer cell line (caco-2). The phenolic composition was determined by ultra high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) coupled with high-resolution mass spectrometry. Considering the disadvantages of conventional methods of determining antioxidant capacity, an amperometric enzyme biosensor has been developed using as a transducer a system of three screen-printed electrodes on PVC, containing Prussian blue (PB) as electrochemical mediator. A high lipophilic antioxidant capacity was observed in biriba and bacuri pulps, so abiu, inaja and monguba fruit had significant hydrophilic antioxidant capacity. The antiproliferative activity of the fruits of biriba, inaja, monguba and pajura resulted in significant inhibition of caco-2 cell growth. Chromatographic analysis of birib‡, inaj‡ and monguba extracts quantified respectively 11, 25 and 21 phenolic compounds with important biological activities.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 29, 2020 - 9:19:08 AM
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Magda Marcia Becker. Characterization of native fruits of the amazon region and development of an amperometric biosensor for determination of antioxidant capacity. Chemical engineering. Université de Perpignan; Universidade federal do Maranhão (São Luís do Maranhão, Brésil), 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019PERP0024⟩. ⟨tel-02458919⟩

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