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Étude numérique de la relaxation de capsules confinées par couplage des méthodes Volumes Finis - Éléments Finis via la méthode des frontières immergées IBM : influence de l'inertie et du degré de confinement.

Abstract : Capsules, made of a drop protected by an elastic membrane, are widly present in nature and in diverse industrial applications, but few studies have explored the transient phenomena governing their relaxation. The objective of the PhD is to study the influence of inertia and confinement on the relaxation of a spherical capsule (1) pre-deformed into an ellipsoid and released in a square channel where the fluid is quiescent, (2) flowing in a square channel with a sudden expansion (‘step’). The capsule is modeled as a Newtonian fluid in a hyperelastic membrane without thickness or viscosity and is simulated coupling the Finite Volume - Finite Element - Immersed Boundary Methods. Its relaxation in a quiescent fluid exhibits three phases: the initiation of the fluid motion, the rapid and then slow retraction phases of the membrane. Three regimes exist depending on the confinement ratio and the Reynolds to capillary number ratio: pure, critical or oscillating damping. A Kelvin-Voigt inertial model is proposed to predict the response time constants and also applied to a capsule flowing in the microfluidic channel with a step. The comparison to 3D simulations shows its relevance at short relaxation times. This work paves the way to the study of transient flows of capsules confined in microfluidic devices.
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Bruno Sarkis. Étude numérique de la relaxation de capsules confinées par couplage des méthodes Volumes Finis - Éléments Finis via la méthode des frontières immergées IBM : influence de l'inertie et du degré de confinement.. Biomécanique [physics.med-ph]. Sorbonne Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SORUS184⟩. ⟨tel-02451650⟩

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