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Ingénierie des propriétés diélectriques d'oxydes pérovskites par nanostructuration jusqu'à l'échelle de la monocouche

Abstract : The work conducted during this thesis focused on the epitaxial growth (by molecular beam epitaxy, MBE) and the optical properties engineering of perovskite functional oxides ABO3. These materials arouse strong interest, in particular thanks to their strong chemical and structural flexibility giving access to many physical properties: ferroelectricity, piezoelectricity, high temperature superconductivity, thermoelectricity, etc.... In this context, the objective of this thesis was to use the flexibility and ultimate growth control offered by the MBE to exploit this strong chemical and structural flexibility and to demonstrate the potential of thin layers, superlattices and Ruddlesden-Popper phases based on SrTiO3 and LaSrTiO3 for photonics applications. In particular, we have demonstrated that such structures, if they are controlled, open important prospects for plasmonics, for the production of optical metamaterials with unrivalled performances, and for the production of highly anisotropic thin films. More specifically, the main results of this thesis are (i) the demonstration of the excellent infrared plasmonic properties of the LaxSr1-xTiO3 conductive thin films (La-doped SrTiO3), and their strong tunability obtained by controlling the La concentration, (ii) the demonstration of a new class of hyperbolic metamaterials in the infrared consisting of LaxSr1-xTiO3 / SrTiO3 superlattices, whose hyperbolicity can be broadly adjusted, and whose performances surpass those of the best hyperbolic metamaterials based on Ga or Al doped ZnO, and (iii) the exploration of the growth and potentially very strong optical anisotropy of Ruddlesden-Popper homologous phases based on SrTiO3 (Srn+1TinO3n+1). These original results open interesting perspectives for the use of thin layers and structured superlattices up to the monolayer scale based on perovskite oxides for photonics applications.
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Mohamed Elhachmi Bouras. Ingénierie des propriétés diélectriques d'oxydes pérovskites par nanostructuration jusqu'à l'échelle de la monocouche. Autre. Université de Lyon, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSEC033⟩. ⟨tel-02449763⟩

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