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Les femmes entre assistanat et entrepreneuriat dans les projets de territoire et de valorisation touristique des espaces de marge du Sud du Maroc, une approche par les capabilités

Abstract : In recent years, Morocco has paid particular attention to the development of its marginal territories through the implementation of a set of national and international programs. This has resulted in the mobilization of multiple different actors and resources around projects centered in some of Morocco’s most difficult regions. Many of the projects embody the principles of equality and solidarity, and have thus approached the problem by aiming to improve the socio-economic status of Morocco’s rural women. A large number of the projects that implement this approach do so by providing ‘assisted-aid’ to newly-developed social organisations, such as women’s associations and cooperatives. The policies of these public and private development bodies is to ‘help’, or even ‘rescue’ the rural women, by defining for them a course of personal development through income-generating activities (IGAs). This strategy aims to develop these difficult regions in concert with the development of ‘local products’. These policies lead us to question the real capacities of these programs to promote equality for women. Our approach is based on the concept of ‘capability’, as defined by Amartya Sen in 1985.Our study argues that bettering assisted-aid, is a policy that promotes female entrepreneurship. We have concluded this through investigating how female cooperatives have been able to exploit natural resources, such as argan nuts, in several marginal regions in southern Morocco.
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Mariam Benkhallouk. Les femmes entre assistanat et entrepreneuriat dans les projets de territoire et de valorisation touristique des espaces de marge du Sud du Maroc, une approche par les capabilités. Géographie. Université Cadi Ayyad (Marrakech, Maroc), 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAH010⟩. ⟨tel-02446933⟩

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