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Accrétion dans les disques de novae naines

Abstract : Dwarf novæ have been used for almost 50 years now as a test for the theory of accretion. These systems exhibit eruptions in optical light lasting approximately a week with a recurrence time scale of a month. Eruptions are thought to be due to a thermal-viscous instability in the accretion disk surrounding the white dwarf. This model has long been known to put constraints on the mechanisms transporting angular momentum in the disk, which will be the subject of this thesis. Traditionally, transport is presumed to be turbulent where turbulence is due to the magneto-rotational instability (MRI). However, I show here, using local simulations of accretion disks with radiative transfer that there exists a discrepancy between observations and light curves obtained with MRI turbulence only. In quiescence, where the disk is poorly ionised, it is very unlikely that MRI can even survive. One of the key results of this thesis is that MRI do not participate to turbulent angular momentum transport only, but is also able to drive MHD outflows which extract angular momentum very efficiently, especially in quiescence. Wind-driven transport is, by nature, very different from turbulent transport, it induces a surface-torque on the disk and do not deposit thermal energy locally but extract energy from the disk instead. We included MHD wind-driven angular momentum transport in a disk instability model, model which is usually used to reproduce light curves of dwarf novæ. Using this new model, we were able to retrieve light curves looking alike observations, with a magnetic field consistent with what is expected from the dipolar magnetic field of a white dwarf. It is the first time that eruptions of dwarf novæ are modeled with success using prescriptions for angular momentum transport derived from first principles instead of ad hoc parameters.
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Nicolas Scepi. Accrétion dans les disques de novae naines. Astrophysique [astro-ph]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAY020⟩. ⟨tel-02444294⟩

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