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Theses

Essays on central banking and macroprudential policy

Abstract : The aim of this thesis, composed of four academic papers, is to apply empirical and theoreticalanalyses to study the involvement of central banks in financial stability-confidence in the financial system's ability to facilitate allocation of economic resources, manage risks, and withstand shocks -and to discuss their recent macroprudential responsibilities. The global financial crisis (GFC) shitied the perspective of financial regulation - rules that financial institutions have to comply with in order to ensure effective risk management and to with stand financial shocks - and supervision - ensuring that financial institutions follow these rules - from a microprudential perspective based on the resilience of individual institutions to amacroprudential (henceforth · "MaP") perspective. The MaP perspective takes into account the interactions of financial institutions, the externalities related to their decisions, and also the effects of the financial cycle on central bank policy and financial stability. This thesis analyses the policy mix of monctary and macroprudential policies which both have an impact on price stability and financial conditions and which operate through common or overlapping channels. A particular focus is given to the role of MaP policy in heterogeneous monetary union such as the Eurozone- where countries are experience in different macroeconomic conditions - in terms of financial and macroeconomic stabilisation. Since a single interest rate is unlikely to fit circumstances in all countries, MaP policy could compensate the Jack of autonomous monetary policy in each country as both policies share many transmission channels. This enhances the optimality's degree of the currency area.
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Salim Dehmej. Essays on central banking and macroprudential policy. Economics and Finance. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015PA010009⟩. ⟨tel-02444277⟩

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