Modélisation et caractérisation large bande de plaques multicouches anisotropes

Abstract : This PhD thesis concerns the modelling and the dynamic characterisation of anisotropic multilayered structures. In the first chapter, a classification of some analytical models and experimental methods of characterisation is presented in the form of a bibliographical synthesis where the main published results are gathered. The second chapter introduces an extension of an equivalent model of multilayered structures to the case of anisotropic materials. This model describes the first dispersion curves of the structure and considers the shear phenomena that can affect the bending mode in high frequencies. The main advantage of the model lies in its simplicity and rapidity thanks to a number of kinematic variables independent of the number of layers. The characteristics of the multilayer are defined by the 5 flexural rigidities of a thin equivalent plate which is compared to the multilayer. The results of the model are validated by means of an experimental study on carbon fiber composite plates. A particular interest is dedicated to the modelling of structural damping. An energetic loss factor, based on a temporal and spatial definition of the attenuation, is compared to an equivalent one. A new definition of the spatial attenuation is suggested for high damped structures and is compared to literature. In the third chapter, the methodology of the characterisation technique CFAT is adapted for anisotropic plates. This inverse method is based on the displacement field analysis of the structure and has, by means of its local aspect, relevant advantages for industrial applications. This adaptation is, as a first step, introduced for the identification of sources (initial objective of the method) and applied, in a second step, for the characterisation. Several numerical and experimental applications are presented to validate the results of the method. Finally, the fourth chapter deals with the experimental characterisation of a honey comb sandwich on a high frequency range (1 to 300 kHz). The complex dynamic behaviour of this thick structure is described through the promissing results given by the simulations of our model and the estimations of RIC. These results are also compared to the ones of a reference model and other characterisation methods.
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Fabien Marchetti. Modélisation et caractérisation large bande de plaques multicouches anisotropes. Vibrations [physics.class-ph]. INSA Lyon - Ecole Doctorale Mécanique, Energétique, Génie Civil, Accoustique, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02443702⟩

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