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Sources térahertz produites par des impulsions laser ultra-intenses

Abstract : Femtosecond laser pulses trigger extreme nonlinear events inmatter, leading to intense secondary radiations spanning the frequency rangesfrom terahertz (THz) to X and gamma-rays.This work is dedicated to the theoretical and numerical study of THz radiationgenerated by laser-driven plasmas. Despite the inherent difficulty in accessingthe THz spectral window (0.1-100 THz), many coming applications use theability of THz frequencies to probe matter (spectroscopy, medicine, materialscience). Laser-driven THz sources appear well-suited to provide simultaneouslyan energetic and broadband signal compared to other conventional devices. Ourgoal is to investigate previously little explored interaction regimes in orderto optimize the laser-to-THz conversion efficiency.Starting from classical interactions in gases, we validate a unidirectionalpropagation model accounting for THz pulse generation, which we compare to theexact solution of Maxwell's equations. We next increase the laser intensityabove the relativistic threshold in order to trigger a nonlinear plasma wave inthe laser wake, accelerating electrons to a few hundreds of MeV. We show thatthe standard photocurrent mechanisms is overtaken by coherent transitionradiation induced by wakefield-accelerated electron bunch. Next, successivestudies reveal the robustness of this latter process over a wide range of plasmaparameters. We also demonstrate the relevance of long laser wavelengths inaugmenting THz pulse generation through the ionization-induced pressure thatincreases the laser ponderomotive force. Finally, THz emission from laser-solidinteraction is examined in the context of ultra-thin targets, shedding light onthe different processes involved.
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Jérémy Déchard. Sources térahertz produites par des impulsions laser ultra-intenses. Physique des plasmas [physics.plasm-ph]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLS358⟩. ⟨tel-02441863⟩

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