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Contribution to nonparametric regression estimation with general autocovariance error process and application to pharmacokinetics

Abstract : In this thesis, we consider the fixed design regression model with repeated measurements, where the errors form a process with general autocovariance function, i.e. a second order process (stationary or nonstationary), with a non-differentiable covariance function along the diagonal. We are interested, among other problems, in the nonparametric estimation of the regression function of this model.We first consider the well-known kernel regression estimator proposed by Gasser and Müller. We study its asymptotic performance when the number of experimental units and the number of observations tend to infinity. For a regular sequence of designs, we improve the higher rates of convergence of the variance and the bias. We also prove the asymptotic normality of this estimator in the case of correlated errors.Second, we propose a new kernel estimator of the regression function based on a projection property. This estimator is constructed through the autocovariance function of the errors, and a specific function belonging to the Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space (RKHS) associated to the autocovariance function. We study its asymptotic performance using the RKHS properties. These properties allow to obtain the optimal convergence rate of the variance. We also prove its asymptotic normality. We show that this new estimator has a smaller asymptotic variance then the one of Gasser and Müller. A simulation study is conducted to confirm this theoretical result.Third, we propose a new kernel estimator for the regression function. This estimator is constructed through the trapezoidal numerical approximation of the kernel regression estimator based on continuous observations. We study its asymptotic performance, and we prove its asymptotic normality. Moreover, this estimator allow to obtain the asymptotic optimal sampling design for the estimation of the regression function. We run a simulation study to test the performance of the proposed estimator in a finite sample set, where we see its good performance, in terms of Integrated Mean Squared Error (IMSE). In addition, we show the reduction of the IMSE using the optimal sampling design instead of the uniform design in a finite sample set.Finally, we consider an application of the regression function estimation in pharmacokinetics problems. We propose to use the nonparametric kernel methods, for the concentration-time curve estimation, instead of the classical parametric ones. We prove its good performance via simulation study and real data analysis. We also investigate the problem of estimating the Area Under the concentration Curve (AUC), where we introduce a new kernel estimator, obtained by the integration of the regression function estimator. We prove, using a simulation study, that the proposed estimators outperform the classical one in terms of Mean Squared Error. The crucial problem of finding the optimal sampling design for the AUC estimation is investigated using the Generalized Simulating Annealing algorithm.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-02441842
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 16, 2020 - 11:00:10 AM
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Djihad Benelmadani. Contribution to nonparametric regression estimation with general autocovariance error process and application to pharmacokinetics. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAM034⟩. ⟨tel-02441842⟩

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