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Persistance et reconfigurations de la parenté nourricière dans l’accueil familial

Abstract : The old french term equivalent to “foster parents", “parents nourriciers”, has not been used in France for about half a century. However, France signs international treaties including “parents nourriciers”, “familles nourricières”, and the Council of Europe gives recommendations on it. This is because “parents nourriciers” is a legal term appearing in several French-speaking civil codes... but not in the French civil code, this kinship being the subject of a very old legal denial. In international law, this term refers to alternative care for children who cannot, temporarily or permanently, live with their parents. This situation corresponds to a reality of foster care in France and is at the centre of the law of 14 March 2016. From a double historical approach (long history and recent history) we seek to show what this kind of fosterage was, to understand why it disappeared as a symbol and how it continues to exist as a reality.The empirical research is based on the professional life story of 12 foster parents (of ten foster families) and 35 situations are approached to answer two questions: how foster parents invest the new mission of supporting the parents of the child being cared for? How do they cope with the contradiction between a care legally conceived as temporary with parents present, in situations of permanent care in reality, with parents little or not present? Using an anthropological approach, attachment theory and parental care theories, we analyse the parental role of family carers.We study the reconfigurations of traditional fosterage in several dimensions: the evolution of the problems at the origin of foster care, the risks and failures associated with it, the new mission of supporting the parents of the foster children. Finally, a major reconfiguration is the use of simple adoption by foster families and young adults after placement.In a third part we study how foster kinship can be recognized in French law and institutions, based on foreign examples and proposals from experts.
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Philippe Fabry. Persistance et reconfigurations de la parenté nourricière dans l’accueil familial. Education. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA100020⟩. ⟨tel-02441781⟩

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