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Mécanismes de dégradation des catalyseurs modèles anodiques à base d'iridium dans les électrolyseurs de l'eau PEMWE

Abstract : With the need for a drastic reduction of greenhouse gases, the deployment of fuel cells is one of the considered solutions. Decarbonated hydrogen production is subsequently a major challenge to enable an efficient energetic transition. From this perspective, Proton Exchange Membrane Water Electrolyser (PEMWE) is a technology of interest, especially if coupled with renewable energy sources. Key challenges are still to be addressed before commercializing this technology, in particular at the anode. Iridium oxide, a costly and rare material, is implemented in anodic catalytic layers to catalyse the Oxygen Evolution Reaction (OER) while being resistant to harsh acidic and oxidative conditions. It nonetheless undergoes some degradations.In this work, different iridium model surfaces for the OER where studied to understand mechanisms involved during the first oxidations step and oxygen evolution. After characterisations by Dynamic Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (DEIS), an innovative technique used to study dynamic systems, structure-activity-stability relationships towards the OER were studied by comparing iridium model surfaces ((111), (210) and nanostructured (210)). Results showed that after few hours at high potential (> 1.6 V vs. Reversible Hydrogen Electrode)), these surfaces, with different initial chemical compositions and structures, tend to the same state. Finally, iridium and nickel@iridium thin films were studied, to model core@shell particles. Results indicate that the nickel dissolution lead to the formation of a porous layer more active towards the OER. These findings could help to design active iridium catalysts for the OER.
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Marion Scohy. Mécanismes de dégradation des catalyseurs modèles anodiques à base d'iridium dans les électrolyseurs de l'eau PEMWE. Génie des procédés. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAI058⟩. ⟨tel-02441664⟩

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