Efficient methods for acoustic scattering in 2 and 3 dimensions : preconditioning on singular domains and fast convolution.

Abstract : In this thesis, we are concerned with the numerical resolution of the problem of acoustic waves scattering by an obstacle in dimensions 2 and 3, with the boundary element method. In the first three chapters, we consider objects with singular geometries. We focus on the case of objects with edge singularities, first open curves in the plane, and then open surfaces in dimension 3. We present a formalism that allows to restore the good properties that held for smooth objects. A weight function is defined on the scattering object, and the usual layer potentials (single-layer and hypersingular) are adequately rescaled by this weight function. Suitable preconditioners are proposed, that take the form of square roots of local operators. In dimension 2, we give a complete theoretical and numerical analysis of the problem. We show in particular that the weighted layer potentials belong to a class of pseudo-differential operators on open curves that we define and analyze here. The pseudo-differential calculus thus developed allows us to compute parametrices for the weighted layer potentials, which correspond to the continuous versions of our preconditioners. In dimension 3, we show how those ideas can be extended theoretically and numerically, for the particular case of the scattering by an infinitely thin disk. In the last chapter, we present a new method for the rapid evaluation of discrete convolutions by radial functions in dimension 2. Such convolutions represent a computational bottleneck in the boundary element methods. Our algorithm relies on the non-uniform fast Fourier transform and generalizes to dimension 2 an analogous algorithm available in dimension 3, namely the sparse cardinal sine decomposition.
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Martin Averseng. Efficient methods for acoustic scattering in 2 and 3 dimensions : preconditioning on singular domains and fast convolution.. Acoustics [physics.class-ph]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLX083⟩. ⟨tel-02441362⟩

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