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La construction d’une dynamique territoriale portée par les systèmes d’acteurs. : le cas de la trajectoire de la Mecanic Vallée

Abstract : Since the 1970s, territorial development has been highlighted in planning and economic sciences from the perspective of the creation of related activities and jobs. The development of territorial resources therefore becomes crucial. However, the literature does not question the identity of the actors even though they constitute a central territorial resource. The thesis argues that the proximity in the different stages of territorial development does not mobilize the same types of actors.Several hypotheses are put forward about the modes of mobilization of actors, their nature and their interdependencies. The reasoning is structured in three parts. The first is devoted to the study of the Mecanic Valley Local Production System (SPL). The objective is to understand how local development has been structured in this physical, social and productive space. A second part is devoted to the study, in the literature, of the way actors are mobilized and coordinated; particularly in the territorial framework (proximity, governance, territorial development). Several stylized facts are constructed to make the link between systems of actors, proximity and stages of development. These facts are applied to the SPL Mecanic Vallée in order to produce a re-reading of its development dynamics. These facts relate to two specific productive projects: business relations and activity financing. A third part is devoted to research results. These results confirm a very strong interdependence of the actors as well as the particularity of the modes of mobilization in the construction of territorial dynamics.
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Bastien Bezzon. La construction d’une dynamique territoriale portée par les systèmes d’acteurs. : le cas de la trajectoire de la Mecanic Vallée. Géographie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018TOU20064⟩. ⟨tel-02439273⟩

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