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The genotype-phenotype relationship across different scales

Abstract : With the molecular revolution in Biology, a mechanistic understanding of the genotype-phenotype relationship became possible. Recently, advances in DNA synthesis and sequencing have enabled the development of deep-mutational scanning experiments, capable of scoring comprehensive libraries of genotypes for a variety of phenotypes over the length of entire genes. Such datasets are not only interesting in themselves, but also allow rigorous testing of quantitative phenotypic models. We used this technology to characterise sequence-fitness maps for 3 model bacterial systems: a global regulator, CRP, an antibiotic-resistance enzyme, β-lactamase, and a small metabolic pathway, consisting of the enzymes AraA and AraB. These different systems were chosen to illuminate the roles of different mechanistic features in shaping the genotype-fitness relationship (regulatory wiring, protein stability and metabolic flux). We find that smooth patterns of fitness effects tend to prevail over idiosyncrasy, indicating that much of the genotype-fitness relationship could be understood from the global shape of smooth underlying phenotype-fitness functions. On the flip side, we see that characterising the genotype-fitness relationship in different systems can be a powerful way to glean phenotypic insights.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02438077, version 1

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Henry Kemble. The genotype-phenotype relationship across different scales. Molecular biology. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018USPCC178⟩. ⟨tel-02438077⟩

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