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Access to electricity and economic development : determinants of favorable impacts for households

Abstract : By 2018, about one billion people were living without electricity. The extension of electrical grids is facing many challenges that jeopardize the sustainability of traditional electrification. Decentralized Electrification Projects (DEP) now offer feasible solutions for offgrid access to electricity in developing countries. This thesis explores the role of the demand for reliability of the electricity service as a determinant of sustainable extension of the electrical grid, and the efficiency of electricity supply by DEP to achieve the sustainable development goals. With data on outages observed by households in Kenya, the first chapter establishes the households' preference for the reliability of electricity service, which could be the major lever for effective network expansion. In the second chapter, a meta-analysis consolidating 112 decentralized project evaluations shows that technology, capacity and governance support the design choices that are most critical to achieving the sustainable development goals. The third chapter explores the range of objectives achieved by decentralized electrification practices. The most effective are those that address productive uses and public services, as well as micro-networks in remote areas, which have positive impacts on information and communication. The likelihood of positive impacts increases with the capacity of solar home systems, which favor health and education.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 13, 2020 - 2:44:09 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02436937, version 1



Arnaud Millien. Access to electricity and economic development : determinants of favorable impacts for households. Economics and Finance. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019PA01E038⟩. ⟨tel-02436937⟩



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