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Enceintes urbaines en moyenne Alsace (1200-1850)

Abstract : This study deals with the defensive systems of three dozen small and middle-sized towns of central Alsace, from their building between the 13th and 15th Centuries, to their definitive dismantling during the 19th Century. Various resources were exploited : examination of existing remains, archaeological surveys, visual sources (maps, prints, old photographs), Middle Age and Modern period archives. The latter source included a major condition report on Alsace’s small cities, towns and villages, initiated by the province’s head of fortifications in 1779, which offers a complete overview of fortification systems before they were abandoned.The study addresses the questions of the construction materials used, the variety of defensive elements (doors, walls, moats, ramparts, etc.), topographical data and a chronology of their construction.The major teachings, in a field so far focused on large cities’ walls, are the broad range of solutions to the protective needs and the diversity of their chronology and layout models that are just as interesting as those of larger cities. This is noted until the 16th Century, when, with few exceptions, these small and middle-sized towns were not able toupgrade their defense to the level of bulwarks. Well maintained though, they were still seen as a major defensive support for the region by the royal administration, soon before the French revolution.
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Submitted on : Friday, February 28, 2020 - 2:37:31 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 2, 2020 - 9:28:08 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, May 29, 2020 - 3:03:53 PM


Version validated by the jury (STAR)


  • HAL Id : tel-02435591, version 2



Adrien Vuillemin. Enceintes urbaines en moyenne Alsace (1200-1850). Histoire. Université de Strasbourg, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015STRAG003⟩. ⟨tel-02435591v2⟩



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