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Complexation of actinides and analogues with hydroxamate ligands

Abstract : Due to the increasing human activities in the civilian nuclear fields, the actual and potential release of radionuclides into the environment is a matter of concern. The mobility of radio-nuclides depends on several factors such as pH, ionic strength, oxidation state and the presence of organic ligands. In order to guarantee the safety of radioactive waste storage sites and to develop contaminated soil remediation processes, it is necessary to have fundamental data on actinides and natural organic ligands interactions. This study focuses on the interaction between Th(IV), U(IV,VI), Cf(III) and Eu(III) and hydroxamates derivatives, desferrioxamine B, a bacterial siderophore with three hydroxamic functions. The stability constants of complexes are determined as function of acidity and ligand concentration, at fixed ionic strength and temperature, using several techniques and metal concentrations ranging from 10⁻¹⁰ to 10⁻³ M (liquid-liquid extraction coupled with γ-spectrometry, capillary electrophoresis with UV detection, UV-Vis absorption spectrophotometry). The thermodynamic study is supplemented by a structural one using spectroscopic techniques such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Experimental measurements are compared with quantum chemistry calculations (DFT) in order to determine the coordination geometry of the metal ion and the interatomic distances.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02434726, version 1

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Mingjian He. Complexation of actinides and analogues with hydroxamate ligands. Radiochemistry. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLS413⟩. ⟨tel-02434726⟩

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