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Apports de la modélisation ontologique pour l’analyse des ruptures de parcours de soins dans la Sclérose Latérale Amyotrophique

Abstract : Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) require multidisciplinary support during their course. Pathology causes many disabilities and disabilities. This complex management can lead to situations of course failure through absence, cessation or difficulties of management, however the causes of these breaks are not known. The coordination network SLA Île-de-France has a textual coordination base, on which the needs and demands of patients are described throughout their journey. To this end, we propose to analyze this basis in order to extract knowledge and describe the patient pathways. For this we use a semantic annotation tool that uses as a resource an ontology of the domain that we have created OntoParon. OntoParon is a modular ontology composed of a medical module, a socio-environmental module, a coordination module, a core module and a consolidation module. These ontological modules make it possible to take into account all the dimensions involved in patients’ journeys. Defined concepts, reporting on important themes such as the exhaustion of the caregiver or even the presence of social problems were created to detect the difficulties encountered. The annotation of 931 patient files has shown that not all patients have the same needs or the same demands, some themes are expressed differently depending on the age, the pathology or the lifestyle. This thesis work is accompanied by the implementation of a semantic annotation tool OnBaSAM and an annotation evaluation tool Pronto
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Contributor : Sonia Cardoso <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 6, 2020 - 4:06:09 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02429414, version 1


Sonia Cardoso. Apports de la modélisation ontologique pour l’analyse des ruptures de parcours de soins dans la Sclérose Latérale Amyotrophique. Intelligence artificielle [cs.AI]. Sorbonne Université, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-02429414⟩



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