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Effets pharmacologiques d'une protéine bactérienne mimétique d'hormones satiétogènes : la protéine ClpB sur le comportement alimentaire

Abstract : The study of the gut microbiota and especially the effect of its secretory products is an expanding field of research in order to open therapeutic perspectives for nutritional diseases such as obesity or TCA. Among these molecules, the Caseinolytic peptidase B (ClpB) is a bacterial protein having a molecular mimicry in common with α-MSH, a neuropeptide whose anorectic actions are peripheral and central and possible via a microbiota-intestinal-brain communication. Current studies attempt to demonstrate whether this molecular mimicry can confer similar anorectic effects at the ClpB protein. The aim of this thesis was studied the potential pharmacological effects of ClpB protein the regulation of eating behavior. Given that the composition of the gut microbiota is dependent on the food present, the first study was evaluated in vitro the impact of three types of macronutrients on the production and expression of the ClpB protein by E. coli bacteria. Then, it was evaluated whether this protein could influence the secretion of satietogenic peptides like PYY by intestinal enteroendocrine cells using a primary culture of rat intestinal cells. Previous studies of U 1073 laboratory have shown that this protein has been found at the plasma level, the second study was performed in mice submitted to an anorexia model (ABA) to clarify the impact of dietary restriction on the ClpB protein, to better understand its possible involvement in the physiopathology of anorexia nervosa. Finally, the third study was evaluated the pharmacological effects of ClpB protein on food intake in vivo in rodents. The impact of the natural fragmentation of this protein and particularly of one of its fragments on food intake was also evaluated.
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Manon Dominique. Effets pharmacologiques d'une protéine bactérienne mimétique d'hormones satiétogènes : la protéine ClpB sur le comportement alimentaire. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Normandie Université, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019NORMR072⟩. ⟨tel-02428626⟩

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