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Habilitation à diriger des recherches

Mémoire inédit : The Swing of the Pendulum: Les juristes et l'internationalisation des droits de l'homme, 1920-1939

Abstract : This study on the internationalization of human rights during the interwar period on the basis of matrix issues such as forced migration, statelessness and minorities, aims to investigate a time dominated by imperial and national logics, and by a desire to structure the field of international law, and which undergoes the retroactive shadow of the Universal Declaration of 1948. The analysis does not consist so much in a quest for origins as in a multi-scalar study associating social area and spatial spaces. New York, Paris and Geneva constitute the spaces which polarize the challenges and constraints of this internationalization. Four main social area, the Institute of International Law, the International Diplomatic Academy, the Carnégie Endowment for International Peace and the League of Nations are at the center of our analysis based on sources for some unpublished ones, with which secondary arenas have been associated : the Inter-Parliamentary Union, the International Union of Associations for the League of Nations, the Union juridique internationale and the Institut des Hautes Etudes Internationales in Paris. Each chapter is constructed according to a different polarity and scale around the pivot that constitutes the adoption on October 12, 1929 in New York, of the Declaration of International Human Rights by the Institute of International Law: personal journey of the Russian exiled jurist André N. Mandelstam and Albert de La Pradelle, sociography of a field and an environment (transnational legal association and think tank), analysis of learned structures and mobilizations, normative formulation and co-construction, reception bias and interpretative communities.
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Habilitation à diriger des recherches
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Dzovinar Kévonian. Mémoire inédit : The Swing of the Pendulum: Les juristes et l'internationalisation des droits de l'homme, 1920-1939. Histoire. Ecole normale supérieure de Lyon, 2018. ⟨tel-02427948⟩

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