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Les Classiques et les Romantiques : une histoire des querelles littéraires (1824-1834)

Abstract : The literary controversy between Classicism and Romanticism represents itself as a drama of light and shadow. Romanticism in the beginning was a shadow of the Classicism that, although proud of its past glory, began to decline. The decade 1820-1830 can be defined as a transition period, during which the obscure “newcomer” dethrones the “old champ”. French literary history has so far recounted this glorious story of the Romantics by referring exclusively to what they told. In other words, little has been done to examine the literary controversy seen by its losers. However, light and shadow go together; so to understand the history of Romanticism as a whole, it is necessary to complete it with another version told by the defenders of classical doctrine. With this in mind, this study attempts to revisit the decade 1824-1834 and to examine some historical controversies covering a wide range of subjects related to French Romanticism: thus we will be concerned with the anti-romantic speech of the academician Louis-Simon Auger that raised objections from Romantics such as Émile Deschamps, the debate between François-Benoît Hoffman and Victor Hugo about the poetic use of “image” or that of Désiré Nisard and Jules Janin about the condition of literature after the July Revolution of 1830. Romantics are wrong to consider Romanticism as their own creation. On the contrary, this new esthetic movement has been established through various conflicts between classical and romantic schools. From this point of view, analyzing their controversies will make it possible to understand how these two literary movements have created their own image as well as that of their opponent.
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Kazuhiko Suzuki. Les Classiques et les Romantiques : une histoire des querelles littéraires (1824-1834). Sociologie. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PA100169⟩. ⟨tel-02427213⟩