S. Akira, S. Uematsu, and O. Takeuchi, Pathogen Recognition and Innate Immunity, Cell, vol.124, pp.783-801, 2006.

R. Medzhitov and C. A. Janeway, Decoding the Patterns of Self and Nonself by the Innate Immune System, Science, vol.296, pp.298-300, 2002.

R. Medzhitov and C. J. Janeway, Innate immune recognition: mechanisms and pathways, Immunol Rev, vol.173, pp.89-97, 2000.

A. A. Gust, R. Pruitt, and T. Nürnberger, Sensing Danger: Key to Activating Plant Immunity, Trends Plant Sci, vol.22, pp.779-91, 2017.

L. Nie, S. Cai, J. Shao, and J. Chen, Toll-Like Receptors, Associated Biological Roles, and Signaling Networks in Non-Mammals, Front Immunol, vol.9, pp.153-160, 2018.

P. Kalantari and P. Kalantari, The Emerging Role of Pattern Recognition Receptors in the, Pathogenesis of Malaria. Vaccines, vol.6, pp.133-141, 2018.

C. Jr, P. Travers, M. Walport, M. J. Shlomchik, C. Jr et al., , 2001.

B. R. Bloom and B. Bennett, Mechanism of a Reaction in Vitro Associated with Delayed-Type Hypersensitivity, Science, vol.153, pp.80-92, 1966.

J. R. David, Delayed hypersensitivity in vitro: its mediation by cell-free substances formed by lymphoid cell-antigen interaction, Proc Natl Acad Sci, vol.56, pp.72-77, 1966.

D. V. Pastrana, N. Raghavan, P. Fitzgerald, S. W. Eisinger, C. Metz et al., Filarial Nematode Parasites Secrete a Homologue of the Human Cytokine Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor, Infect Immun, vol.66, pp.59-63, 1998.

R. Sharma, S. L. Hoti, R. L. Meena, V. Vasuki, T. Sankari et al., Molecular and functional characterization of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) homolog of human from lymphatic filarial parasite Wuchereria bancrofti, Parasitol Res, vol.111, pp.35-47, 2012.

N. B. Wasala and D. C. Jaworski, Dermacentor variabilis: Characterization and modeling of macrophage migration inhibitory factor with phylogenetic comparisons to other ticks, insects and parasitic nematodes, Exp Parasitol, vol.130, pp.32-38, 2012.

N. B. Wasala, C. J. Bowen, and D. C. Jaworski, Expression and regulation of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in feeding American dog ticks, Dermacentor variabilis, Exp Appl Acarol, vol.57, pp.179-187, 2012.

Y. Cho, B. F. Jones, J. J. Vermeire, L. Leng, L. Difedele et al., Structural and Functional Characterization of a Secreted Hookworm Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) That Interacts with the Human MIF Receptor CD74, J Biol Chem, vol.282, pp.447-456, 2007.

K. D. Augustijn, R. Kleemann, J. Thompson, T. Kooistra, C. E. Crawford et al., Functional Characterization of the Plasmodium falciparum and P. berghei Homologues of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor, Infect Immun, vol.75, pp.11-16, 2007.

B. Garcia, A. Pierce, R. J. Gourbal, B. Werkmeister, E. Colinet et al., Involvement of the Cytokine MIF in the Snail Host Immune Response to the Parasite Schistosoma mansoni, PLoS Pathog, vol.6, pp.57-64, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halsde-00608628

R. Furukawa, K. Tamaki, and H. Kaneko, Two macrophage migration inhibitory factors regulate starfish larval immune cell chemotaxis, Immunol Cell Biol, vol.94, pp.315-321

S. Huang, Y. Cao, M. Lu, W. Peng, J. Lin et al., Identification and functional characterization of Oncomelania hupensis macrophage migration inhibitory factor involved in the snail host innate immune response to the parasite Schistosoma japonicum, Int J Parasitol, vol.47, pp.485-499, 2017.

W. Huang, L. Duan, B. Huang, K. Wang, C. Zhang et al., Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) family in arthropods: Cloning and expression analysis of two MIF and one D-dopachrome tautomerase (DDT) homologues in mud crabs, Scylla paramamosain, Fish Shellfish Immunol, vol.50, pp.142-159, 2016.

E. Naessens, G. D. , P. Giordanengo, O. B. , N. Minet-kebdani et al., A secreted MIF cytokine enables aphid feeding and represses plant immune responses, Curr-Biol, pp.56-63, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01312804

R. Panstruga, K. Baumgarten, and J. Bernhagen, Phylogeny and evolution of plant macrophage migration inhibitory factor/D-dopachrome tautomerase-like proteins, BMC Evol Biol, vol.15, pp.154-161, 2015.

M. George and J. H. Vaughan, In vitro cell migration as a model for delayed hypersensitivity, Proc Soc Exp Biol Med Soc Exp Biol Med N Y N, vol.111, pp.514-521, 1962.

W. Y. Weiser, P. A. Temple, J. S. Witek-giannotti, H. G. Remold, S. C. Clark et al., Molecular cloning of a cDNA encoding a human macrophage migration inhibitory factor, Proc Natl Acad Sci, vol.86, pp.75-86, 1989.

T. Calandra and T. Roger, Macrophage migration inhibitory factor: a regulator of innate immunity, Nat Rev Immunol, vol.3, pp.791-800, 2003.

R. Bucala, MIF : A Most Interesting Factor. Barnes & Noble®, 2007.

H. Sugimoto, M. Taniguchi, A. Nakagawa, I. Tanaka, M. Suzuki et al., Crystal Structure of Human d-Dopachrome Tautomerase, a Homologue of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor, at 1.54 Å Resolution, Biochemistry (Mosc), vol.38, pp.68-79, 1999.

G. Odh, A. Hindemith, A. M. Rosengren, E. Rosengren, and H. Rorsman,

, Biochem Biophys Res Commun, vol.197, pp.619-624, 1993.

J. Bernhagen, R. A. Mitchell, C. T. Voelter, W. Cerami, A. Bucala et al., Purification, bioactivity, and secondary structure analysis of mouse and human macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), Biochemistry (Mosc), vol.33, pp.144-155, 1994.

C. A. Kozak, M. C. Adamson, C. E. Buckler, L. Segovia, V. Paralkar et al., Genomic Cloning of Mouse MIF (Macrophage Inhibitory Factor) and Genetic Mapping of the Human and Mouse Expressed Gene and Nine Mouse Pseudogenes, Genomics, vol.27, pp.405-411, 1995.

M. Bozza, L. F. Kolakowski, N. A. Jenkins, D. J. Gilbert, N. G. Copeland et al., Structural Characterization and Chromosomal Location of the Mouse Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor Gene and Pseudogenes, Genomics, vol.27, pp.412-419, 1995.

H. W. Sun, J. Bernhagen, R. Bucala, and E. Lolis, Crystal structure at 2.6-A resolution of human macrophage migration inhibitory factor, Proc Natl Acad Sci, vol.93, pp.91-105, 1996.

H. Sun, M. Swope, C. Cinquina, S. Bedarkar, J. Bernhagen et al., The subunit structure of human macrophage migration inhibitory factor : evidence for a trimer, Protein Eng, vol.9, pp.631-645, 1996.

S. E. Dobson, K. D. Augustijn, J. A. Brannigan, C. Schnick, C. J. Janse et al., The crystal structures of macrophage migration inhibitory factor from Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium berghei, Protein Sci Publ Protein Soc, vol.18, pp.78-91, 2009.

G. W. Buchko, J. Abendroth, H. Robinson, Y. Zhang, S. N. Hewitt et al., sequence of Gl-MIF and the other Crystal structure of a macrophage migration inhibitory factor from Giardia lamblia, J Struct Funct Genomics, vol.14, pp.155-159, 2013.

T. H. Tan, S. A. Edgerton, R. Kumari, M. S. Mcalister, S. M. Roe et al., Macrophage migration inhibitory factor of the parasitic nematode Trichinella spiralis, Biochem J, vol.14, pp.121-129, 2001.

X. Zang, P. Taylor, J. M. Wang, D. J. Meyer, A. L. Scott et al., Homologues of Human Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor from a Parasitic Nematode gene cloning, protein activity, and crystal structure, J Biol Chem, vol.77, pp.261-277, 2002.

A. A. Wasiel, H. J. Rozeboom, D. Hauke, B. Baas, E. Zandvoort et al., Structural and Functional Characterization of a Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor Homologue from the Marine Cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus marinus, Biochemistry (Mosc), vol.49, pp.72-81, 2010.

M. Merk, R. A. Mitchell, S. Endres, and R. Bucala, D-dopachrome tautomerase (D-DT or MIF-2): Doubling the MIF cytokine family, Cytokine, vol.59, pp.10-27, 2012.

O. Flieger, A. Engling, R. Bucala, H. Lue, W. Nickel et al., Regulated secretion of macrophage migration inhibitory factor is mediated by a non-classical pathway involving an ABC transporter, FEBS Lett, vol.551, pp.78-86

D. Shao, X. Zhong, Y. Zhou, Z. Han, Y. Lin et al., Structural and functional comparison of MIF ortholog from Plasmodium yoelii with MIF from its rodent host, Mol Immunol, vol.47, pp.726-737, 2010.

T. Subbannayya, P. Variar, J. Advani, B. Nair, S. Shankar et al., An integrated signal transduction network of macrophage migration inhibitory factor, J Cell Commun Signal, vol.10, pp.165-170, 2016.

L. Leng, C. N. Metz, Y. Fang, J. Xu, S. Donnelly et al., Signal Transduction Initiated by Binding to CD74, J Exp Med, vol.197, pp.67-76, 2003.

B. Schröder, The multifaceted roles of the invariant chain CD74 -More than just a chaperone, Biochim Biophys Acta BBA -Mol Cell Res, vol.63, pp.69-81, 2016.

L. Xu, Y. Li, D. Li, P. Xu, S. Tian et al., Exploring the binding mechanisms of MIF to CXCR2 using theoretical approaches, Phys Chem Chem Phys, vol.17, pp.70-82, 2015.

C. Weber, S. Kraemer, M. Drechsler, H. Lue, R. R. Koenen et al., Structural determinants of MIF functions in CXCR2-mediated inflammatory and atherogenic leukocyte recruitment, Proc Natl Acad Sci, vol.105, pp.78-83, 2008.

D. Rajasekaran, S. Gröning, C. Schmitz, S. Zierow, N. Drucker et al., Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor-CXCR4 Receptor Interactions, J Biol Chem, vol.291, pp.81-95, 2016.

S. Alampour-rajabi, E. Bounkari, O. Rot, A. Müller-newen, G. Bachelerie et al., MIF interacts with CXCR7 to promote receptor internalization, ERK1/2 and ZAP-70 signaling, and lymphocyte chemotaxis, FASEB J, vol.29, pp.497-511, 2015.

J. Snyder, J. C. Shenoy, and S. K. , Chapter One -Ubiquitination and Deubiquitination of G Protein-Coupled Receptors, Molecular Biology and Translational Science, vol.6, pp.1-10, 2016.

A. Levoye, K. Balabanian, F. Baleux, F. Bachelerie, and B. Lagane, CXCR7 heterodimerizes with CXCR4 and regulates CXCL12-mediated G protein signaling, Blood, vol.113, pp.85-93, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00415320

R. A. Mitchell, C. N. Metz, T. Peng, and R. Bucala, Sustained Mitogen-activated Protein Kinase (MAPK) and Cytoplasmic Phospholipase A2 Activation by Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) Regulatory role in cell proliferation and glucocorticoid action, J Biol Chem, vol.27, pp.156-161, 1999.

T. Roger, J. David, M. P. Glauser, and C. T. , MIF regulates innate immune responses through modulation of Toll-like receptor 4, Nature, vol.414, pp.201-214, 2001.

T. Roger, C. Froidevaux, C. Martin, and C. T. , Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) regulates host responses to endotoxin through modulation of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)

, J Endotoxin Res, vol.9, pp.119-123, 2003.

J. D. Hudson, M. A. Shoaibi, R. Maestro, A. Carnero, G. J. Hannon et al., A Proinflammatory Cytokine Inhibits P53 Tumor Suppressor Activity, J Exp Med, vol.190, pp.75-82, 1999.

R. A. Mitchell, H. Liao, J. Chesney, G. Fingerle-rowson, J. Baugh et al., Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) sustains macrophage proinflammatory function by inhibiting p53: Regulatory role in the innate immune response, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol.99, pp.45-50, 2002.

N. Yabunaka, J. Nishihira, Y. Mizue, M. Tsuji, M. Kumagai et al., Elevated serum content of macrophage migration inhibitory factor in patients with type 2 diabetes, Diabetes Care, vol.23, pp.56-68, 2000.

R. Liu, D. Sun, Y. Jiao, P. Wang, J. Zhang et al., Macrophage migration inhibitory factor promotes tumor aggressiveness of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma via activation of Akt and inactivation of GSK3?, Cancer Lett, vol.412, pp.89-96, 2018.

M. Leech, C. Metz, P. Hall, P. Hutchinson, K. Gianis et al., Macrophage migration inhibitory factor in rheumatoid arthritis: Evidence of proinflammatory function and regulation by glucocorticoids, Arthritis Rheum, vol.42, pp.160-178, 1999.

T. Griga, C. Wilkens, N. Wirkus, J. Epplen, W. Schmiegel et al., A polymorphism in the macrophage migration inhibitory factor gene is involved in the genetic predisposition of Crohn's disease and associated with cumulative steroid doses, Hepatogastroenterology, vol.54, pp.84-96, 2007.

J. Dambacher, T. Staudinger, J. Seiderer, Z. Sisic, F. Schnitzler et al., Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) -173G/C promoter polymorphism influences upper gastrointestinal tract involvement and disease activity in patients with Crohn's disease, Inflamm Bowel Dis, vol.13, pp.71-82, 2007.

A. Hermanowski-vosatka, S. S. Mundt, J. M. Ayala, S. Goyal, W. A. Hanlon et al., Enzymatically inactive macrophage migration inhibitory factor inhibits monocyte chemotaxis and random migration, Biochemistry (Mosc), vol.38, pp.41-59, 1999.

H. Lue, A. Kapurniotu, G. Fingerle-rowson, T. Roger, L. Leng et al., Rapid and transient activation of the ERK MAPK signalling pathway by macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and dependence on JAB1/CSN5 and Src kinase activity, Cell Signal, vol.18, pp.88-76, 2006.

T. Calandra and R. Bucala, Macrophage migration inhibitory factor: a counter-regulator of glucocorticoid action and critical mediator of septic shock, J Inflamm, vol.47, pp.39-51, 1995.

H. Koebernick, L. Grode, J. R. David, W. Rohde, M. S. Rolph et al., Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) plays a pivotal role in immunity against Salmonella typhimurium, Proc Natl Acad Sci, pp.81-96, 2002.

R. Das, M. I. Larose, C. B. Hergott, L. Leng, R. Bucala et al., Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor Promotes Clearance of Pneumococcal Colonization, J Immunol, vol.193, pp.64-72, 2014.

M. Bozza, A. R. Satoskar, G. Lin, B. Lu, A. A. Humbles et al., Targeted Disruption of Migration Inhibitory Factor Gene Reveals Its Critical Role in Sepsis, J Exp Med, vol.189, pp.41-56, 1999.

M. Bacher, C. N. Metz, C. T. Mayer, K. Chesney, J. Lohoff et al., An essential regulatory role for macrophage migration inhibitory factor in T-cell activation, Proc Natl Acad Sci, vol.93, pp.49-54, 1996.

R. Abe, T. Peng, J. Sailors, R. Bucala, and C. N. Metz, Regulation of the CTL Response by Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor, J Immunol, vol.166, pp.47-53, 2001.

E. Rosengren, R. Bucala, P. Åman, L. Jacobsson, G. Odh et al., The Immunoregulatory Mediator Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) Catalyzes a Tautomerization Reaction, Mol Med, vol.2, pp.143-158, 1996.

J. B. Lubetsky, A. Dios, J. Han, B. Aljabari, B. Ruzsicska et al., The Tautomerase Active Site of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor Is a Potential Target for Discovery of Novel Anti-inflammatory Agents, J Biol Chem, vol.277, pp.76-82, 2002.

M. Swope, H. Sun, P. R. Blake, and E. Lolis, Direct link between cytokine activity and a catalytic site for macrophage migration inhibitory factor, EMBO J, vol.17, pp.34-41, 1998.

R. Kleemann, A. Kapurniotu, R. W. Frank, A. Gessner, R. Mischke et al., Disulfide analysis reveals a role for macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) as thiol-protein oxidoreductase, J Mol Biol, vol.280, pp.85-102, 1998.

M. Thiele and J. Bernhagen, Link Between Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor and Cellular Redox Regulation, Antioxid Redox Signal, vol.7, pp.34-48, 2005.

Y. Wang, R. An, G. K. Umanah, H. Park, K. Nambiar et al., A nuclease that mediates cell death induced by DNA damage and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1, Science, vol.354, pp.156-161, 2016.

C. Toso, J. A. Emamaullee, S. Merani, and A. Shapiro, The role of macrophage migration inhibitory factor on glucose metabolism and diabetes, Diabetologia, vol.51, pp.37-46, 2008.

J. Hirokawa, S. Sakaue, S. Tagami, Y. Kawakami, M. Sakai et al., Identification of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor in Adipose Tissue and Its Induction by Tumor Necrosis Factor-?, Biochem Biophys Res Commun, vol.235, pp.94-108, 1997.

J. Hirokawa, S. Sakaue, Y. Furuya, J. Ishii, A. Hasegawa et al., Tumor Necrosis Factor-? Regulates the Gene Expression of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor through Tyrosine Kinase-Dependent Pathway in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes, J Biochem, vol.123, pp.33-49, 1998.

S. Sakaue, J. Nishihira, J. Hirokawa, H. Yoshimura, T. Honda et al., Regulation of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) expression by glucose and insulin in adipocytes in vitro, Mol Med, vol.5, pp.61-71, 1999.

F. Benigni, T. Atsumi, C. T. Metz, C. Echtenacher, B. Peng et al., The proinflammatory mediator macrophage migration inhibitory factor induces glucose catabolism in muscle, J Clin Invest, vol.106, pp.91-100, 2000.

T. Skurk, C. Herder, I. Kräft, S. Müller-scholze, H. Hauner et al., Production and Release of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor from Human Adipocytes, Endocrinology, vol.146, pp.1-11, 2005.

T. Atsumi, Y. Cho, L. Leng, C. Mcdonald, T. Yu et al., The Proinflammatory Cytokine Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor Regulates Glucose Metabolism during Systemic Inflammation, J Immunol, vol.179, pp.99-106, 2007.

X. Xu, B. Wang, C. Ye, C. Yao, Y. Lin et al., Overexpression of macrophage migration inhibitory factor induces angiogenesis in human breast cancer, Cancer Lett, vol.261, pp.147-157, 2008.

V. Richard, N. Kindt, and S. Saussez, Macrophage migration inhibitory factor involvement in breast cancer (Review), Int J Oncol, vol.47, pp.27-33, 2015.

L. Galluzzi, M. C. Maiuri, I. Vitale, H. Zischka, M. Castedo et al., Cell death modalities: classification and pathophysiological implications, Cell Death Differ, vol.14, pp.37-43, 2007.

M. S. Mukhtar, M. E. Mccormack, C. T. Argueso, and K. M. Pajerowska-mukhtar, Pathogen Tactics to Manipulate Plant Cell Death, Curr Biol, pp.183-191, 2016.

A. G. Renehan, C. Booth, and C. S. Potten, What is apoptosis, and why is it important?, BMJ, vol.322, pp.36-48, 2001.

J. Kerr, A. H. Wyllie, and A. R. Currie, Apoptosis: A Basic Biological Phenomenon with Wideranging Implications in Tissue Kinetics, Br J Cancer, vol.26, pp.39-57, 1972.

L. Galluzzi, I. Vitale, J. M. Abrams, E. S. Alnemri, E. H. Baehrecke et al., Molecular definitions of cell death subroutines: recommendations of the Nomenclature Committee on Cell Death, Cell Death Differ, vol.19, pp.107-120, 2012.

D. R. Green and F. Llambi, Cell Death Signaling. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol, vol.7, pp.153-161, 2015.

G. Kroemer, G. Mariño, and B. Levine, Autophagy and the Integrated Stress Response, Mol Cell, vol.40, pp.80-93, 2010.

K. Takeshige, M. Baba, S. Tsuboi, T. Noda, and Y. Ohsumi, Autophagy in yeast demonstrated with proteinase-deficient mutants and conditions for its induction, J Cell Biol, vol.119, pp.1-11, 1992.

N. Mizushima, Autophagy in Protein and Organelle Turnover, Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol, vol.76, pp.97-106, 2011.

C. Münz, Autophagy Beyond Intracellular MHC Class II Antigen Presentation, Trends Immunol, vol.37, pp.55-63, 2016.

B. Levine and G. Kroemer, Autophagy in the Pathogenesis of Disease, Cell, vol.132, pp.27-42, 2008.

S. Arico, A. Petiot, C. Bauvy, P. F. Dubbelhuis, A. J. Meijer et al., The Tumor Suppressor PTEN Positively Regulates Macroautophagy by Inhibiting the Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase/Protein Kinase B Pathway, J Biol Chem, vol.276, pp.43-56, 2001.

J. Harris, Autophagy and cytokines, Cytokine, vol.56, pp.140-154, 2011.

Y. Chuang, W. Su, H. Lei, Y. Lin, H. Liu et al., Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor Induces Autophagy via Reactive Oxygen Species Generation, PLOS ONE, vol.7, pp.14-26, 2012.

J. Harris, N. Deen, S. Zamani, and M. A. Hasnat, Mitophagy and the release of inflammatory cytokines. Mitochondrion, vol.41, pp.2-8, 2018.

N. Vanlangenakker, T. V. Berghe, and P. Vandenabeele, Many stimuli pull the necrotic trigger, an overview, Cell Death Differ, vol.19, pp.75-86, 2012.

S. A. Gudipaty, C. M. Conner, J. Rosenblatt, and D. J. Montell, Unconventional Ways to Live and Die: Cell Death and Survival in Development, Homeostasis, and Disease, Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol, vol.34, pp.311-332, 2018.

A. Kaczmarek, P. Vandenabeele, and D. V. Krysko, Necroptosis: The Release of Damage-Associated Molecular Patterns and Its Physiological Relevance, Immunity, vol.38, pp.29-33, 2013.

J. Fuchslocher-chico, C. Saggau, and D. Adam, Proteolytic control of regulated necrosis, Biochim Biophys Acta BBA -Mol Cell Res, vol.1864, pp.47-61, 2017.

A. Sparkes, D. Baetselier, P. Roelants, K. , D. Trez et al., Reprint of: The non-mammalian MIF superfamily, Immunobiology, vol.222, pp.58-67, 2017.

Y. Shen, D. L. Thompson, M. Kuah, K. Wong, K. L. Wu et al., The cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) acts as a neurotrophin in the developing inner ear of the zebrafish, Danio rerio, Dev Biol, vol.363, pp.84-94, 2012.

M. Oh, S. R. Kasthuri, Q. Wan, S. Bathige, I. Whang et al., Characterization of MIF family proteins: MIF and DDT from rock bream, Oplegnathus fasciatus, Fish Shellfish Immunol, vol.35, pp.58-68, 2013.

J. Du, Y. Yu, H. Tu, H. Chen, X. Xie et al., New insights on macrophage migration inhibitory factor: Based on molecular and functional analysis of its homologue of Chinese amphioxus, Mol Immunol, vol.43, pp.83-88, 2006.

H. Jin, L. Xiang, and J. Shao, Molecular cloning and identification of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in teleost fish, Dev Comp Immunol, vol.31, pp.31-44, 2007.

B. Kim, N. Pallua, J. Bernhagen, and R. Bucala, The macrophage migration inhibitory factor protein superfamily in obesity and wound repair, Exp Mol Med, vol.47, pp.161-171, 2015.

S. Kim, C. M. Cox, M. C. Jenkins, R. H. Fetterer, K. B. Miska et al., Both host and parasite MIF molecules bind to chicken macrophages via CD74 surface receptor, Dev Comp Immunol, vol.47, pp.19-26, 2014.

R. Qiu, J. Li, X. Z. Sun, and L. , Macrophage migration inhibitory factor of Sciaenops ocellatus regulates immune cell trafficking and is involved in pathogen-induced immune response, Dev Comp Immunol, vol.40, pp.32-39, 2013.

M. Suzuki, Y. Takamura, M. Maéno, S. Tochinai, D. Iyaguchi et al., Xenopus laevis Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor Is Essential for Axis Formation and Neural Development, J Biol Chem, vol.279, pp.16-24, 2004.

B. Wang, Z. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Zou, G. Wang et al., Molecular cloning and characterization of macrophage migration inhibitory factor from small abalone Haliotis diversicolor supertexta, Fish Shellfish Immunol, vol.27, pp.57-64, 2009.

D. Kamir, S. Zierow, L. Leng, Y. Cho, Y. Diaz et al., A Leishmania Ortholog of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor Modulates Host Macrophage Responses, J Immunol, vol.180, pp.50-61, 2008.

K. B. Miska, R. H. Fetterer, H. S. Lillehoj, M. C. Jenkins, P. C. Allen et al., Characterisation of macrophage migration inhibitory factor from Eimeria species infectious to chickens, Mol Biochem Parasitol, vol.151, pp.173-183, 2007.

C. Sommerville, J. M. Richardson, R. Williams, J. C. Mottram, C. W. Roberts et al., Biochemical and Immunological Characterization of Toxoplasma gondii Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor, J Biol Chem, vol.288, pp.33-41, 2013.

I. Ajonina-ekoti, M. A. Kurosinski, A. E. Younis, D. Ndjonka, M. K. Tanyi et al., Comparative analysis of macrophage migration inhibitory factors (MIFs) from the parasitic nematode Onchocerca volvulus and the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, Parasitol Res, vol.112, pp.35-46, 2013.

N. Chauhan, R. Sharma, and S. L. Hoti, Identification and biochemical characterization of macrophage migration inhibitory factor-2 (MIF-2) homologue of human lymphatic filarial parasite, Wuchereria bancrofti, Acta Trop, vol.142, pp.71-88, 2015.

J. Liu, D. Shao, Y. Lin, M. Luo, Z. Wang et al., PyMIF enhances the inflammatory response in a rodent model by stimulating CD11b+Ly6C+ cells accumulation in spleen, Parasite Immunol, vol.38, pp.77-83, 2016.

J. L. Miller, A. Harupa, S. Kappe, and S. A. Mikolajczak, Plasmodium yoelii Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor Is Necessary for Efficient Liver-Stage Development, Infect Immun, vol.80, pp.39-47, 2012.

S. K. Park, M. K. Cho, H. Park, K. H. Lee, S. J. Lee et al., Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor Homologs of Anisakis simplex Suppress Th2 Response in Allergic Airway Inflammation Model via CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ T Cell Recruitment, J Immunol, vol.182, pp.7-14, 2009.

L. Prieto-lafuente, W. F. Gregory, J. E. Allen, and R. M. Maizels, MIF homologues from a filarial nematode parasite synergize with IL-4 to induce alternative activation of host macrophages, J Leukoc Biol, vol.85, pp.44-54, 2009.

. Blackman-r-l and V. F. Eastop, Aphids on the World's Crops: An Identification and Information Guide, 2000.

P. Giordanengo, L. Brunissen, C. Rusterucci, C. Vincent, A. Van-bel et al., Compatible plant-aphid interactions: How aphids manipulate plant responses, C R Biol, vol.333, pp.16-23, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00492611

M. Jaouannet, P. A. Rodriguez, P. Thorpe, C. Lenoir, R. Macleod et al., Plant immunity in plant-aphid interactions, Front Plant Sci, vol.5, pp.23-32, 2014.

D. A. Elzinga, D. Vos, M. Jander, and G. , Suppression of plant defenses by a Myzus persicae (green peach aphid) salivary effector protein, Mol Plant-Microbe Interact, vol.27, pp.47-56, 2014.

J. Bos, D. Prince, M. Pitino, M. E. Maffei, J. Win et al., A Functional Genomics Approach Identifies Candidate Effectors from the Aphid Species Myzus persicae (Green Peach Aphid), PLOS Genet, vol.6, pp.145-156, 2010.

P. A. Rodriguez, R. Stam, T. Warbroek, and J. Bos, Mp10 and Mp42 from the Aphid Species Myzus persicae Trigger Plant Defenses in Nicotiana benthamiana Through Different Activities, Mol Plant Microbe Interact, vol.27, pp.30-39, 2013.

, Genome Sequence of the Pea Aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum, PLoS Biol, vol.8, pp.45-53, 2010.

G. Dubreuil, E. Deleury, D. Crochard, J. Simon, and C. Coustau, Diversification of MIF immune regulators in aphids: link with agonistic and antagonistic interactions, BMC Genomics, vol.15, pp.13-23, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01208768

R. Peyraud, U. Dubiella, A. Barbacci, S. Genin, S. Raffaele et al., Advances on plantpathogen interactions from molecular toward systems biology perspectives, Plant J, vol.90, pp.20-37, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01607459

A. Sparkes, D. Baetselier, P. Roelants, K. , D. Trez et al., The non-mammalian MIF superfamily, Immunobiology, vol.222, pp.73-82, 2017.

J. J. Vermeire, Y. Cho, E. Lolis, R. Bucala, and M. Cappello, Orthologs of macrophage migration inhibitory factor from parasitic nematodes, Trends Parasitol, vol.24, pp.55-63, 2008.

T. Holowka, T. M. Castilho, A. B. Garcia, T. Sun, D. Mcmahon-pratt et al., Leishmaniaencoded orthologs of macrophage migration inhibitory factor regulate host immunity to promote parasite persistence, FASEB J, vol.30, pp.49-65, 2016.

P. Jones, D. Binns, H. Chang, M. Fraser, W. Li et al., InterProScan 5: genomescale protein function classification, Bioinformatics, vol.30, pp.36-40, 2014.

P. Yilmaz, L. W. Parfrey, P. Yarza, J. Gerken, E. Pruesse et al., Allspecies Living Tree Project (LTP)" taxonomic frameworks, Nucleic Acids Res, vol.42, pp.43-48, 2014.

P. J. Kersey, J. E. Allen, I. Armean, S. Boddu, B. J. Bolt et al., Ensembl Genomes 2016: more genomes, more complexity, Nucleic Acids Res, vol.44, pp.74-80, 2016.

E. W. Sayers, T. Barrett, D. A. Benson, E. Bolton, S. H. Bryant et al., Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information, Nucleic Acids Res, vol.40, pp.13-25, 2012.

H. Nordberg, M. Cantor, S. Dusheyko, S. Hua, A. Poliakov et al., The genome portal of the Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute: 2014 updates, Nucleic Acids Res, vol.42, pp.26-31, 2014.

J. E. Stajich, T. Harris, B. P. Brunk, J. Brestelli, S. Fischer et al., FungiDB: an integrated functional genomics database for fungi, Nucleic Acids Res, vol.40, pp.75-81, 2012.

H. Attrill, K. Falls, J. L. Goodman, G. H. Millburn, G. Antonazzo et al., FlyBase: establishing a Gene Group resource for Drosophila melanogaster, Nucleic Acids Res, vol.44, pp.86-92, 2016.

J. Gauthier, F. Legeai, A. Zasadzinski, C. Rispe, and D. Tagu, AphidBase: a database for aphid genomic resources, Bioinformatics, vol.23, pp.83-94, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inria-00180141

F. J. Logan-klumpler, D. Silva, N. Boehme, U. Rogers, M. B. Velarde et al., GeneDB-an annotation database for pathogens, Nucleic Acids Res, vol.40, pp.98-108, 2012.

C. G. Elsik, A. Tayal, C. M. Diesh, D. R. Unni, M. L. Emery et al., Hymenoptera Genome Database: integrating genome annotations in HymenopteraMine, Nucleic Acids Res, vol.44, pp.93-100, 2016.

K. L. Howe, B. J. Bolt, S. Cain, J. Chan, W. J. Chen et al., WormBase 2016: expanding to enable helminth genomic research, Nucleic Acids Res, vol.44, pp.74-80, 2016.

K. L. Howe, B. J. Bolt, M. Shafie, P. Kersey, and M. Berriman, WormBase ParaSite ? a comprehensive resource for helminth genomics, Mol Biochem Parasitol, vol.215, pp.2-10, 2017.

D. C. Price, C. X. Chan, H. S. Yoon, E. C. Yang, H. Qiu et al., Cyanophora paradoxa Genome Elucidates Origin of Photosynthesis in Algae and Plants, Science, vol.335, pp.43-47, 2012.

M. Heiges, H. Wang, R. E. Aurrecoechea, C. Gao, X. Kaluskar et al., CryptoDB: a Cryptosporidium bioinformatics resource update, Nucleic Acids Res, vol.34, pp.19-22, 2006.

R. Blanc-mathieu, L. Perfus-barbeoch, J. Aury, M. D. Rocha, J. Gouzy et al., Hybridization and polyploidy enable genomic plasticity without sex in the most devastating plant-parasitic nematodes, PLOS Genet, vol.13, pp.77-80, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01602779

R. C. Edgar, MUSCLE: multiple sequence alignment with high accuracy and high throughput, Nucleic Acids Res, vol.32, pp.92-107, 2004.

K. Katoh, K. Misawa, K. Kuma, and T. Miyata, MAFFT: a novel method for rapid multiple sequence alignment based on fast Fourier transform, Nucleic Acids Res, vol.30, pp.59-68, 2002.

A. M. Waterhouse, J. B. Procter, D. Martin, M. Clamp, and G. J. Barton, Jalview Version 2-a multiple sequence alignment editor and analysis workbench, Bioinformatics, vol.25, pp.89-91, 2009.

E. Pruesse, J. Peplies, and F. O. Glöckner, SINA: Accurate high-throughput multiple sequence alignment of ribosomal RNA genes, Bioinformatics, vol.28, pp.23-39, 2012.

S. Pond and S. Frost, Datamonkey: rapid detection of selective pressure on individual sites of codon alignments, Bioinformatics, vol.21, pp.25-31, 2005.

A. Stern, A. Doron-faigenboim, E. Erez, E. Martz, E. Bacharach et al., Selecton 2007: advanced models for detecting positive and purifying selection using a Bayesian inference approach, Nucleic Acids Res, vol.35, pp.11-21, 2007.

K. Pond, L. Frost, and S. , Not So Different After All: A Comparison of Methods for Detecting Amino Acid Sites Under Selection, Mol Biol Evol, vol.22, pp.12-22, 2005.

B. Murrell, J. O. Wertheim, S. Moola, T. Weighill, K. Scheffler et al., Detecting Individual Sites Subject to Episodic Diversifying Selection, PLOS Genet, vol.8, pp.57-64, 2012.

L. A. Kelley, S. Mezulis, C. M. Yates, M. N. Wass, and M. Sternberg, The Phyre2 web portal for protein modeling, prediction and analysis, Nat Protoc, vol.10, pp.45-58, 2015.

M. Biasini, S. Bienert, A. Waterhouse, K. Arnold, G. Studer et al., SWISS-MODEL: modelling protein tertiary and quaternary structure using evolutionary information, Nucleic Acids Res, pp.45-52, 2014.

S. Bienert, A. Waterhouse, T. De-beer, G. Tauriello, G. Studer et al., The SWISS-MODEL Repository -new features and functionality, Nucleic Acids Res, vol.45, pp.13-29, 2017.

P. A. Rodriguez and J. Bos, Toward Understanding the Role of Aphid Effectors in Plant Infestation, Mol Plant Microbe Interact, vol.26, pp.25-30, 2012.

M. Bertoni, F. Kiefer, M. Biasini, L. Bordoli, and T. Schwede, Modeling protein quaternary structure of homo-and hetero-oligomers beyond binary interactions by homology, Sci Rep, vol.7, pp.80-104, 2017.

, Automated comparative protein structure modeling with SWISS-MODEL and Swiss-PdbViewer: A historical perspective -Wiley Online Library, vol.12, pp.123-129, 2018.

Y. Zhang, I-TASSER server for protein 3D structure prediction, BMC Bioinformatics, vol.9, pp.40-54, 2008.

A. Roy, A. Kucukural, and Y. Zhang, I-TASSER: a unified platform for automated protein structure and function prediction, Nat Protoc, vol.5, pp.25-38, 2010.

J. Yang, R. Yan, A. Roy, D. Xu, J. Poisson et al., The I-TASSER Suite: protein structure and function prediction, Nat Methods, vol.12, pp.7-9, 2015.

J. E. Mills and P. M. Dean, Three-dimensional hydrogen-bond geometry and probability information from a crystal survey, J Comput Aided Mol Des, vol.10, pp.17-22, 1996.

J. L. Hartley, G. F. Temple, and M. A. Brasch, DNA Cloning Using In Vitro Site-Specific Recombination, Genome Res, vol.10, pp.88-95, 2000.

F. Burki, The Eukaryotic Tree of Life from a Global Phylogenomic Perspective, Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol, vol.12, pp.156-161, 2014.

M. Holterman, A. Karegar, P. Mooijman, H. Van-megen, S. Van-den-elsen et al., Disparate gain and loss of parasitic abilities among nematode lineages, PLoS ONE, vol.12, pp.14-21, 2017.

M. Blaxter and G. Koutsovoulos, The evolution of parasitism in Nematoda, Parasitology, vol.142, pp.26-39, 2015.

C. Dieterich and R. J. Sommer, How to become a parasite -lessons from the genomes of nematodes, Trends Genet, vol.25, pp.13-19, 2009.

C. D. Giorgi, P. Veronico, F. D. Luca, A. Natilla, C. Lanave et al., Structural and evolutionary analysis of the ribosomal genes of the parasitic nematode Meloidogyne artiellia suggests its ancient origin, Mol Biochem Parasitol, vol.124, pp.91-104, 2002.

J. Caspermeyer, Next Generation TimeTree: An Expanded History of Life on Earth at Your Fingertips, Mol Biol Evol, vol.34, pp.22-33, 2017.

M. Mitreva, M. L. Blaxter, D. M. Bird, and J. P. Mccarter, Comparative genomics of nematodes, Trends Genet TIG, vol.21, pp.73-81, 2005.

M. D. Trautwein, B. M. Wiegmann, R. Beutel, K. M. Kjer, and D. K. Yeates, Advances in Insect Phylogeny at the Dawn of the Postgenomic Era, Annu Rev Entomol, vol.57, pp.49-68, 2011.

N. Chauhan and S. L. Hoti, Role of cysteine-58 and cysteine-95 residues in the thiol di-sulfide oxidoreductase activity of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor-2 of Wuchereria bancrofti, Acta Trop, vol.153, pp.14-20, 2016.

A. Alam, M. Goyal, M. S. Iqbal, S. Bindu, S. Dey et al., Cysteine-3 and cysteine-4 are essential for the thioredoxin-like oxidoreductase and antioxidant activities of Plasmodium falciparum macrophage migration inhibitory factor, Free Radic Biol Med, vol.50, pp.59-68, 2011.

S. Chanteau, P. Glaziou, C. Plichart, P. Luquiaud, J. P. Moulia-pelat et al., Wuchereria bancrofti filariasis in French Polynesia: Age-specific patterns of microfilaremia, circulating antigen, and specific IgG and IgG4 responses according to transmission level, Int J Parasitol, vol.25, pp.81-95, 1995.

B. Zhou and L. Zeng, Immunity-Associated Programmed Cell Death as a Tool for the Identification of Genes Essential for Plant Innate Immunity, pp.51-63, 2018.

P. C. Ronald, J. M. Salmeron, F. M. Carland, and B. J. Staskawicz, The cloned avirulence gene avrPto induces disease resistance in tomato cultivars containing the Pto resistance gene, J Bacteriol, vol.11, p.174, 1992.

S. Gimenez-ibanez and R. Solano, Nuclear jasmonate and salicylate signaling and crosstalk in defense against pathogens, Front Plant Sci, vol.4, pp.123-127, 2013.

A. Dios, R. A. Mitchell, B. Aljabari, J. Lubetsky, K. O'connor et al., Inhibition of MIF Bioactivity by Rational Design of Pharmacological Inhibitors of MIF Tautomerase Activity, J Med Chem, vol.45, pp.2-16, 2002.

P. Dziedzic, J. A. Cisneros, M. J. Robertson, A. A. Hare, N. E. Danford et al., Synthesis, and Protein Crystallography of Biaryltriazoles as Potent Tautomerase Inhibitors of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor, J Am Chem Soc, vol.137, pp.29-33, 2015.

L. Wells, S. A. Whelan, and G. W. Hart, O-GlcNAc: a regulatory post-translational modification, Biochem Biophys Res Commun, vol.302, pp.35-41, 2003.

N. S. Coll, P. Epple, and J. L. Dangl, Programmed cell death in the plant immune system, Cell Death Differ, vol.18, pp.47-56, 2011.

S. Elmore, Apoptosis: A Review of Programmed Cell Death. Toxicol Pathol, vol.35, pp.495-516, 2007.

X. Meng and S. Zhang, MAPK Cascades in Plant Disease Resistance Signaling, Annu Rev Phytopathol, vol.51, pp.45-66, 2013.

J. Bernhagen, C. T. Mitchell, R. A. Martin, S. B. Tracey, K. J. Voelter et al., MIF is a pituitary-derived cytokine that potentiates lethal endotoxaemia, Nature, vol.365, pp.56-59, 1993.

E. F. Morand, M. Leech, and J. Bernhagen, MIF: a new cytokine link between rheumatoid arthritis and atherosclerosis, Nat Rev Drug Discov, vol.5, pp.399-411, 2006.

L. Pawig, C. Klasen, C. Weber, J. Bernhagen, and H. Noels, Diversity and Inter-Connections in the CXCR4 Chemokine Receptor/Ligand Family: Molecular Perspectives, Front Immunol, vol.6, pp.19-31, 2015.

P. V. Tilstam, D. Qi, L. Leng, L. Young, and R. Bucala, MIF family cytokines in cardiovascular diseases and prospects for precision-based therapeutics, Expert Opin Ther Targets, vol.21, pp.71-83, 2017.

G. V. Crichlow, C. Fan, C. Keeler, M. Hodsdon, and E. J. Lolis, Structural Interactions Dictate the Kinetics of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor Inhibition by Different Cancer-Preventive Isothiocyanates, Biochemistry (Mosc), vol.51, pp.1-14, 2012.

B. Thomma, K. Eggermont, I. Penninckx, B. Mauch-mani, R. Vogelsang et al., Separate jasmonate-dependent and salicylate-dependent defense-response pathways in Arabidopsis are essential for resistance to distinct microbial pathogens, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol.95, pp.107-111, 1998.

B. L. Roux and H. Rouanet, Geometric Data Analysis: From Correspondence Analysis to Structured Data Analysis, vol.78, pp.45-53, 2004.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00269083

D. Reis, M. Thawornwattana, Y. Angelis, K. Telford, M. J. Donoghue et al., Uncertainty in the Timing of Origin of Animals and the Limits of Precision in Molecular Timescales, Curr Biol, vol.25, pp.39-50, 2015.

N. H. Matari and J. E. Blair, A multilocus timescale for oomycete evolution estimated under three distinct molecular clock models, BMC Evol Biol, vol.14, pp.101-115, 2014.

H. Kim, S. Lee, and Y. Jang, Macroevolutionary Patterns in the Aphidini Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae): Diversification, Host Association, and Biogeographic Origins, vol.6, pp.36-52, 2011.

M. Lacy, C. Kontos, M. Brandhofer, K. Hille, S. Gröning et al., Identification of an Arg-Leu-Arg tripeptide that contributes to the binding interface between the cytokine MIF and the chemokine receptor CXCR4, Sci Rep, vol.8, pp.51-71, 2018.

G. Pantouris, J. Ho, D. Shah, M. A. Syed, L. Leng et al., Nanosecond Dynamics Regulate the MIF-Induced Activity of CD74, Angew Chem Int Ed, vol.57, pp.16-29, 2018.

M. Merk, S. Zierow, L. Leng, R. Das, X. Du et al., The D-dopachrome tautomerase (DDT) gene product is a cytokine and functional homolog of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol.108, pp.77-85, 2011.

M. Parisi, M. Toubiana, V. Mangano, N. Parrinello, M. Cammarata et al., MIF from mussel: Coding sequence, phylogeny, polymorphism, 3D model and regulation of expression, Dev Comp Immunol, vol.36, pp.88-96, 2012.

S. F. Altschul, W. Gish, W. Miller, E. W. Myers, and D. J. Lipman, Basic local alignment search tool, J Mol Biol, vol.215, pp.403-410, 1990.

R. D. Finn, T. K. Attwood, P. C. Babbitt, A. Bateman, P. Bork et al., 2017-beyond protein family and domain annotations, vol.45, pp.190-209, 2017.

T. Rahlf, Data Visualisation with R: 100 Examples, 2017.

H. Madsen and P. Thyregod, Introduction to General and Generalized Linear Models, vol.4, pp.125-131, 2010.

K. P. Burnham, D. R. Anderson, and K. P. Huyvaert, AIC model selection and multimodel inference in behavioral ecology: some background, observations, and comparisons, Behav Ecol Sociobiol, vol.65, pp.23-35, 2011.

N. K. Neerchal, J. G. More, X. Huang, and A. Moluh, A Stepwise Algorithm for Generalized Linear Mixed Models, pp.22-34

S. Dray and A. B. Dufour, The ade4 package: implementing the duality diagram for ecologists, J Stat Softw, vol.22, pp.111-120, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00434575

M. Clamp, J. Cuff, S. M. Searle, and G. J. Barton, The Jalview Java alignment editor, Bioinformatics, vol.20, pp.26-37, 2004.

S. Capella-gutiérrez, J. M. Silla-martínez, and T. Gabaldón, trimAl: a tool for automated alignment trimming in large-scale phylogenetic analyses, Bioinformatics, vol.25, pp.72-83, 2009.

S. Guindon and O. Gascuel, A simple, fast, and accurate algorithm to estimate large phylogenies by maximum likelihood, Syst Biol, vol.52, pp.96-104, 2003.

J. P. Huelsenbeck and F. Ronquist, MRBAYES: Bayesian inference of phylogenetic trees, Bioinforma Oxf Engl, vol.17, pp.754-765, 2001.

D. Darriba, G. L. Taboada, R. Doallo, and D. Posada, ProtTest 3: fast selection of best-fit models of protein evolution, Bioinformatics, vol.27, pp.64-75, 2011.

S. Guindon, J. Dufayard, V. Lefort, M. Anisimova, W. Hordijk et al., New Algorithms and Methods to Estimate Maximum-Likelihood Phylogenies: Assessing the Performance of PhyML 3.0, Syst Biol, vol.59, pp.7-21, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/lirmm-00511784

M. Gouy, S. Guindon, and O. Gascuel, SeaView Version 4: A Multiplatform Graphical User Interface for Sequence Alignment and Phylogenetic Tree Building, Mol Biol Evol, vol.27, pp.21-34, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/lirmm-00511794

F. Ronquist and J. P. Huelsenbeck, MrBayes 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models, Bioinformatics, vol.19, pp.72-84, 2003.

D. Posada and . Jmodeltest, Phylogenetic Model Averaging, vol.25, pp.53-66, 2008.

M. Suyama, D. Torrents, and P. Bork, PAL2NAL: robust conversion of protein sequence alignments into the corresponding codon alignments, Nucleic Acids Res, vol.34, pp.15-25, 2006.