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Drôlerie et noblesse : l'esthétique et l'éthique du corps des aristocrates à l'épreuve des dramaturgies comiques et tragi-comiques du XVIIe siècle français

Abstract : While the body of the common people has inspired many sociological and anthropological approaches, our research has focused on the study of the body image of aristocratic characters in french seventeenth century comic and tragic dramaturgies.Although the often heroic presence of this social category is part of the so-called "noble" genre of tragedy, it is, and according to a long Aristotelian tradition, banned from the comic genre considered more susceptible to the mediocre, even the ugly, physical and moral, and to consider things of the body. Based on a corpus of sixty comedies and tragicomedies dating from 1629 to 1690, our study of the physical images of the nobles then leads to a particular aesthetic that makes us question the compatibility between the often idealizing representation of the "honest men" and laughter. However, to highlight the pleasant presence of the noble body on stage, we referred to a more subtle notion than the comic, that of the drollery which lies between the approval of the celebration of the beauties of the aristocrats concerned by the action and the pleasant awareness of the excesses of this perfection, between the disconcerting inventiveness, even the grandeur, of the nobles who disguise themselves and the bursts of laughter inspired by some of their bodily or natural defects or failures, between the amused spectacle of their sensuality little annoyed or casual, the exultation aroused by their militant libertinism, which makes you think, and a kind of unease in front of the cynicism of the few, between the admiration of the talents of actors allowing good tricks, thanks to a beautiful gestural dexterity, and the jubilation inspired by the success of well-born protagonists. The stakes become even higher when it comes to the desire for freedom that the bodies express on stage, especially those of women when violent excesses or hypocritical behavior are represented. So many rich impressions that amplifies the setting in space and in voice by actors who also let hear a kind of mystery of the words. All the shades of drollery, of a comic that we perceive as a little strange, seem to have been experienced by our dramatic poets to bring the nobles to the comic scene and, at one time, to the mixed genre of tragi-comedy.
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Anissa Jaziri. Drôlerie et noblesse : l'esthétique et l'éthique du corps des aristocrates à l'épreuve des dramaturgies comiques et tragi-comiques du XVIIe siècle français. Littératures. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA100004⟩. ⟨tel-02426259⟩

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