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Lipid Flippases from Plasmodium Parasites : from Heterologous Production towards Functional Characterization

Abstract : Malaria is a devastating disease caused by a parasite of the genus Plasmodium. Due to the spread of strains resistant to current antimalarial drugs, it is necessary to understand essential physiological functions of the parasite in order to find new drug targets. Membrane transport proteins are an important class of drug targets in humans, as they perform essential physiological roles of the cell. However, for Plasmodium parasites, just a few membrane transporters have been biochemically described. Recent gene-deletion studies in malaria mouse models have shown that the Plasmodium P4-ATPase, or lipid flippase, ATP2 is essential for the parasite. In eukaryotes, the phospholipid translocation activity of P4-ATPases is needed to maintain the asymmetric distribution of membranes, a key element in many essential processes like vesicle budding or apoptosis. Lipid flippases form heteromeric complexes with members of the Cdc50 protein family, also found in the genomes of Plasmodium parasites. To understand the functional role of these still putative transporters during malaria infection we need to study their transport mechanism and identify their substrate(s). We have conducted the heterologous expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae of ATP2 in complex with the Cdc50 subunits from three different Plasmodium species. We succeeded to co-express the ATP2 ortholog of P. chabaudi (PcATP2) and the related putative PcCdc50 proteins. By co-immunoprecipitation and Fluorescence-detection Size Exclusion Chromatography, we have managed to identify the Cdc50 β-subunit that associates to PcATP2: PcCdc50.1. We then purified the complex PcATP2/PcCdc50.1 using immobilized nanobodies that recognize the GFP fused at the C-terminal end of PcATP2 and we initiated the functional characterization using ATPase and phosphorylation activity assays.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 2, 2020 - 1:25:00 AM
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Anaïs Lamy. Lipid Flippases from Plasmodium Parasites : from Heterologous Production towards Functional Characterization. Biochemistry, Molecular Biology. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS447⟩. ⟨tel-02426208⟩



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