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The centrin-binding protein Sfi1 : functions in fission yeast and human

Abstract : The centrosome is the main microtubule organizing center. It nucleates and organizes interphase microtubule and contributes to the assembly of the bipolar mitotic spindle. To do so, the centrosome, present in one copy at the beginning of the cell cycle, duplicates to produce a second copy. The duplication process is tightly controlled and regulated since centrosome over-duplication can lead to multipolar mitotic spindles and promote genome instability and tumorigenesis. The duplication of the yeast centrosome, the SPB (Spindle pole body), begins with the duplication of the half bridge. This appendage is composed of Sfi1/Cdc31 complex organized in a parallel array attached to the core SPB. SPB duplication relies on the assembly of a second array of Sfi1/Cdc31, anti-parallel to the first one, creating thereby an assembly site for the new SPB. Therefore Sfi1 is essential for SPB duplication and our work defined the timing of half-bridge duplication and some of the regulatory mechanisms that favor bridge splitting to release duplicated centrosomes and allow spindle assembly at mitotic onset. Sfi1 and Cdc31/Centrins are conserved in human cells where the centrosome is composed of two centrioles surrounded by the pericentriolar material. Centrins are concentrated in the distal end of centrioles. Sfi1 has also been localized to centrioles, but its function remained unknown. Thus, we started investigating Sfi1 function in human cells. We found that Sfi1 depletion leads to a decrease in Centrin recruitment to the centrioles. It also leads to a cell cycle arrest in G1 in RPE1 cells, an event previously observed in presence of defects in centriole biogenesis. In HeLa cells where the cell cycle is not affected, Sfi1 depletion leads to a mitotic delay. Moreover, Sfi1 depletion leads to cilium assembly. To conclude, these results altogether point towards a role of human Sfi1 in centriole biogenesis.
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Imen Bouhlel Bougdhira. The centrin-binding protein Sfi1 : functions in fission yeast and human. Cellular Biology. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLS465⟩. ⟨tel-02426207⟩

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