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Eclats et absences. Fictions ethnographiques

Laura Huertas Millan 1
1 SACRe - Sciences, Arts, Création, Recherche — SACRe (EA 7410)
ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris
Abstract : "Shards and absences. Ethnographic fictions” develops a survey around ethnographic representation, giving rise to a series of films in which anthropology and fiction intertwine: the "ethnographic fictions ".This sensitive and practical inquiry begins around the notion of exoticism, analyzing the construction of "the native" in the "New World". This initial research gives birth to films staging in vivo and in vitro jungles in Europe and America, which link botanical gardens and tropical greenhouses with the archives of colonization. These films also explore the moments of "first contact" between travellers and natives. Fiction appears as a narrative strategy to counteract a History mostly told from the point of view of the conquerors.The inquiry then establishes a dialogue with visual anthropology. A displacement is made in regard to Jean Rouch’s "ethnofiction", while including the practices preceding him, and those subsequent to him, with an intrinsic ambiguity between ethnographic immersion and fiction . A series of new films are developed between the laboratory of experimental ethnography Sensory Ethnography Lab of Harvard University, Colombia and Mexico.If this doctoral research takes its source in the analysis of the cinematographic representations of the "native", it evolves over time towards forms of auto-ethnography and autofiction, self-reflexive approaches to construct a place of singular enunciation. Thus, it is no longer a question of "talking about ..." a community (a specific approach of the television documentary), but rather of speaking "close to it" (following the words of the director Trinh T. Min-ha ) or to "speak with" it (echoing the formulation of the anthropologist Eduardo Viveiros de Castro). Fiction and its narrative uses are indispensable for the films created during this inquiry: it allows building a shared space, political laboratories to think of social emancipation, on an individual and collective level. Sol Negro (2016) and La Libertad (2017) are the key pieces of the latter series.The creation of these works also gave birth to a set of writings, published articulations, performances and a public exhibition at the end of this thesis, entitled "Disappearing operations" . This traveling exhibition, material and immaterial, took place between 30 November and 15 December 2016, at the Cinéma Le Méliès, Les Laboratoires d'Aubervilliers and the Beaux-Arts in Paris.
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Laura Huertas Millan. Eclats et absences. Fictions ethnographiques. Art et histoire de l'art. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLET022⟩. ⟨tel-02426204⟩

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