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Développement de nouveaux réactifs iodés hypervalents chiraux hélicéniques. Synthèse collective stéréodivergente d’alcaloïdes de Securinega.

Abstract : Hypervalent iodine chemistry has been arousing the interest of the scientific community for the last 30 years. Research efforts are now mainly directed towards applications in asymmetric synthesis, notably through the use of chiral organoiodine scaffolds. To this end, solely central and axial chiralities have been exploited to construct such objects. The use of achiral iodanes (i.e. hypervalent organoiodine compounds) in asymmetric synthesis has been largely neglected by the community. Helical chirality in organic synthesis is mainly found in polyaromatic compounds known as helicenes. These molecules exhibit fascinating structural, electronic and chiroptical properties. They are the center of considerable attention across many fields of research, spanning from asymmetric catalysis to organic light-emitting diodes. Helical chirality has never been exploited in the field of hypervalent iodine chemistry. In the first part of this doctoral work, a methodology for the asymmetric oxygenative dearomatization of phenols by an achiral 3-iodane in the presence of a Cinchona-alkaloid-based phase transfer agent was developed. The second part of this manuscript details the synthesis of a new helicenic organoiodine compound and its application to oxygenative phenol dearomatization reactions. In the last chapter of this doctoral dissertation is described the total, collective and stereodivergent synthesis of 12 Securinega alkaloids. These natural products are commonly found in plants belonging to the genera Securinega (Flueggea), Phyllanthus, Margaritaria and Breynia of the Phyllanthaceae family. Even after little less than half a century of research, the real biogenetic pathway used by nature to construct these molecules is still only partly understood. The chemical synthesis developed in this doctoral work provides a better understanding of the biosynthetic mechanism. It was established in the course of this work that a key aldol condensation step could shed light upon the stereodivergence observed in nature.
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Kevin Antien. Développement de nouveaux réactifs iodés hypervalents chiraux hélicéniques. Synthèse collective stéréodivergente d’alcaloïdes de Securinega.. Chimie organique. Université de Bordeaux, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018BORD0349⟩. ⟨tel-02426193⟩

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