Fonctions in vivo de la mucine Muc5b : création et caractérisation d'une lignée transgénique rapporteur Muc5b-GFP

Abstract : MUC5B, one of the 5 gel-forming mucins in mammals, is part of the mucus gels and responsible of the visco-elastic properties of these gels. The density of goblet cells, which secrete this macromolecule, reflects the homeostasis of secretory epitheliums.The main goal of this thesis was the creation and characterization of a transgenic mouse to easily follow in vivo the production of Muc5b. The second goal was to show that, as previously reported by the laboratory in wild-type mice, a (n-3) long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid enriched diet modulates the production of Muc5b in the cystic fibrosis mouse model CftrΔF508.A Muc5b-GFP transgenic mouse was created by replacing the Stop codon of Muc5b with a GFP (Green Fluorescent Protein) coding sequence. Muc5b expression pattern was studied ex vivo in tissues and in anaesthetized mouse. Muc5b is produced in middle ear, eye, nasal cavity, trachea, gallbladder, cervix, and in embryonic lung at E12.5. As a proof-of-concept, we show that Muc5b-GFP is a biomarker of goblet cell density in a dry eye model. In anaesthetized mice, we measured a decreased goblet cell density after dry eye induction, which was restored by interleukin 13 topical application. Muc5b-GFP mouse is a preclinical model to follow the mucin production and goblet cell density. In the cystic fibrosis mouse model CftrΔF508, we show that a long term (n-3) long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation has no effect after an acute pulmonary inflammation on the Muc5b expression level, but induces an improvement of lung histology and a modulation of the inflammatory response.
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Céline Portal. Fonctions in vivo de la mucine Muc5b : création et caractérisation d'une lignée transgénique rapporteur Muc5b-GFP. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université du Droit et de la Santé - Lille II, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LIL2S023⟩. ⟨tel-02426169⟩

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