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Modulation de la réactivité astrocytaire par ciblage de la voie JAK2-STAT3 : conséquences dans des modèles murins de la maladie d’Alzheimer

Kelly Ceyzériat 1
1 LMN - Laboratoire des Maladies Neurodégénératives - UMR 9199
CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR 9199, MIRCEN - Service MIRCEN : DRF/JACOB
Abstract : Astrocytes are emerging as key players in brain physiology. In Alzheimer’s disease (AD), astrocytes become reactive. Astrocyte reactivity (AR) is essentially characterized by morphological changes. But how the normal supportive functions of astrocytes are changed by their reactive state is unclear. Moreover, signaling cascades leading to AR are not yet determined. In this study, we aim to: 1/ demonstrate the JAK2-STAT3 pathway (Janus Kinase 2 - Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 3) is responsible for AR in neurodegenerative diseases ; 2/ understand the contribution of reactive astrocytes to molecular, cellular and functional alterations in AD. We already reported that the JAK2- STAT3 pathway is a central cascade for AR (Ben Haim et al., 2015). Here, we demonstrate, with new molecular tools based on viral vectors, that this pathway is necessary and sufficient to AR. Our results also show that the modulation of AR in two AD mouse models (APP/PS1dE9 and 3xTg-AD mice) influence several pathological hallmarks, but in a context-dependent manner. Overall, this work has generated new original tools to study reactive astrocytes in situ and it underlines the importance and complexity of their functions in neurodegenerative diseases.
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Kelly Ceyzériat. Modulation de la réactivité astrocytaire par ciblage de la voie JAK2-STAT3 : conséquences dans des modèles murins de la maladie d’Alzheimer. Biologie animale. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLS556⟩. ⟨tel-02426025⟩

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