Implants formés in-situ pour le traitement des poches parodontales : évaluation in-vitro et in-vivo

Abstract : Periodontal diseases are highly prevalent oral conditions which strongly impact the oral quality of life and general health. Progress in the management of periodontal diseases depends, at least partly, on the development of novative and effective periodontal treatments. This work is concerned with the use of non-antibiotic antimicrobials and antiinflammatory drugs as adjunctive periodontal therapy. The aim was to develop a novel polymer-based, biocompatible and resorbable local drug delivery system (in-situ forming implants -ISFI-), which could be injected into periodontal pockets and control the delivery of both an antiseptic (chlorhexidine) and an anti-inflammatory agent (Ibuprofen). The physical key properties and antimicrobial activity of the proposed implants were very promising in vitro suggesting an improvement as compared to currently marketed drug delivery systems for periodontitis treatment. In vivo results are consistent with the latters, showing a positive effect of ISFI on periodontal wound healing in an experimental mice model of periodontitis. Data from this study support Poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) as an attractive formulation for local drug-delivery into periodontal pockets. Our results further suggest that the local delivery of both an antiseptic and an anti-inflammatory drug is a promising adjunctive treatment of periodontitis. This should additionnaly reduce the use of systemic antibiotics in periodontal treatment and contribute to the combat against the development of bacterial resistances.
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Kevimy Agossa. Implants formés in-situ pour le traitement des poches parodontales : évaluation in-vitro et in-vivo. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université du Droit et de la Santé - Lille II, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018LIL2S037⟩. ⟨tel-02426015⟩

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