Le gaullisme populaire : les voyages présidentiels en province (Janvier 1959 - Avril 1969)

Abstract : De Gaulle and the French people : their relationship was profoundly renewed when, on May 29, 1958, French political life toppled over. That day, President of the Republic René Coty – faced with a political class that proved incapable of finding a solution to the bloody Algerian conflict, raging since November 1954 – called upon a "providential man", an illustrious soldier who, in the eyes of the French, had already saved the country : France had been vanquished in 1940, but it was victorious five years later.Hostile to the partisan system that divided the country, General de Gaulle wanted to represent the assembled people. The last President of the Council of the Fourth Republic thus deeply transformed political institutions : the parliamentary Republic turned into a Republic that recognized the primary function of the Head of State. This function was reinforced by the constitutional reform of 1962 and its introduction of direct universal suffrage: under Charles de Gaulle, the partisan Republic was replaced by a "Republic of the citizens", in which the expression of popular sovereignty prevailed.Popular sovereignty in a nation that brings all social classes, all leanings together and is itself at the service of Man and of the world : these concepts were put into practice, words, images in the towns and villages of France, in the course of twenty-six presidential trips to the provinces in metropolitan France. They were key to the "Republic of the citizens" wanted by the General.The relationship between the Head of State and the people who came to these official ceremonies was based on an exchange: the popular presence granted the President of the Republic legitimacy – the head of the executive in turn solicited citizens to obtain information and thoughts on measures that needed to be taken, locally and nationally. Gaullism – based on these regular exchanges in town and hamlet squares, on the constitutional changes instituting the people as the ultimate sovereign and on the frequent use of referendums – served a Republic brought to its fulfillment.
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Frederic Faure. Le gaullisme populaire : les voyages présidentiels en province (Janvier 1959 - Avril 1969). Histoire. Normandie Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMC045⟩. ⟨tel-02422228⟩

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