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Etude photométrique des lunes glacées de Jupiter

Abstract : Jupiter's icy moons are of great interest in the search for habitability in our Solar System. They probably all harbor liquid water ocean underneath their icy crust. Their surfaces present different stages of evolution – Callisto is heavily cratered and the oldest, Ganymede shows a combination of dark cratered terrain and younger bright plains and Europa’s surface is the youngest with signs of recent and maybe current activity. This work focuses on photometry, i.e. the study of the light scattered by a surface in relation to the illumination and observation geometry. Photometric studies give us insight on the physical state and microtexture of the surface (compaction, internal structure, shape, roughness, transparency…). A good photometric knowledge is also of crucial importance in the correction of datasets for any mapping or spectroscopic study as well as for the future missions of this decade – NASA’s Europa Clipper and ESA’s JUpiter ICy moons Explorer.Two pieces of information are necessary to conduct a photometric study – reflectance data and geometric information (illumination, viewing conditions). For the former, we have used and calibrated images from past space missions – Voyager, New Horizons and Galileo. For the latter, we have developed tools to correct these images metadata (e.g. spacecraft position and orientation) to derive precise geometric information. Moreover, we have developed a Bayesian inversion tool to estimate Hapke’s photometric parameters on regions of Europa, Ganymede and Callisto. We estimate all parameters on our entire dataset at once. Finally, we discuss the possible links between the photometric parameters, the surface microtexture and endogenic/exogenic processes.
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Ines Belgacem. Etude photométrique des lunes glacées de Jupiter. Planétologie. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLS386⟩. ⟨tel-02421378⟩

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