Des représentations sociales de la vieillesse aux expériences vécues : impact sur l'accompagnement dans les structures d'hébergement pour personnes âgées

Abstract : The ageing of the population is a challenge in terms of accompanying physical and / or psychic dependence of the elderly subject.An epidemiological study whose approach is multidisciplinary, and which uses the tools of anthropology by emphasizing the qualitative approach, conducted on ten retirement homes in France (Limousin and Reunion Island) was intended to improve knowledge about experiences of seniors and families of Alzheimer’s residents, students and healthcare professionals.To achieve this goal, socio-cultural representations / lived experiences of the study population were explored as well as the entry decision, daily life and care taken prescribed, perceived and actual in EHPAD (acronym for nursing home in French).Thus, the results show that the entry into accommodations structures is multifactorial and influences the adaptation strategies of residents. The forced living context, framed by operating rules referring to community life, the “old” community, has an impact on the process of socializing the elderly person. Living in a retirement home is a radical socio-cultural change. Besides, practicing in a retirement home for health professionals is a work on professional posture and identity because of the conflict between representations of old age and lived experiences. This involves development of skills related to relational knowledge. In addition, for health students, doing an internship in EHPAD means discovering an institution that is a real place to live and potentially work.Finally, the EHPAD upsets the representations of old age, which questions the support of the entry into EHPAD discussed in this work.
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Pascale Beloni. Des représentations sociales de la vieillesse aux expériences vécues : impact sur l'accompagnement dans les structures d'hébergement pour personnes âgées. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Limoges, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LIMO0037⟩. ⟨tel-02416460⟩

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