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Theses

Compétences émotionnelles et besoins en soins de support des proches-aidants en oncologie

Abstract : Cancers causes a disruption in the lives of patients and their caregivers. They must assume new responsibilities that can lead to health problems, altered quality of life, and adjustment difficulties (e.g., impaired emotional, physical, social, and professional functioning, somatic symptoms, emotional distress). Thus, caregivers need support from health professionals to cope with their role but they frequently report unmet supportive care needs. This thesis work is a part of a more global research program and aims to better understand the supportive care needs of caregivers of cancer patients and their determinants, in particular through emotional processes. The first study of this work validated the French version of a scale assessing the unmet supportive care needs of caregivers of cancer patients. The second study identified profiles of caregivers at higher risk of having at least one moderate or high unmet supportive care need from intrapersonal factors (i.e. emotional distress) and socio-demographic and medical variables (e.g., age of patients and caregivers, metastatic cancer). Finally, the third study tested the theoretical model of the thesis work, already validated for cancer patients, which considers that the emotional competence of caregivers can reduce their unmet supportive care needs by reducing their anxiety and depression symptoms. The results highlight the importance of identifying and addressing the unmet supportive care needs of caregivers, especially related to cancer care, information, and psychological and emotional support. Some profiles of caregivers may represent a population at higher risk of having difficulties and requiring more attention from professionals. Finally, taking into account emotional processes, including emotional competence and anxiety and depression symptoms, may be essential in the supportive care of caregivers.
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Anne-Sophie Baudry. Compétences émotionnelles et besoins en soins de support des proches-aidants en oncologie. Psychologie. Université de Lille, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LILUH007⟩. ⟨tel-02415642⟩

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