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Theses

Optimal design of photovoltaic water pumping systems for rural communities – a technical, economic and social approach

Abstract : Photovoltaic water pumping systems (PVWPS) are an interesting solution to improve access to water in rural communities of developing countries. This thesis develops a methodology for the optimal design of PVWPS for domestic consumption based on an interdisciplinary approach. The objective is to determine the sizings of the PVWPS and its geographical positions in the village that maximize the positive impact of the system on socio-economic development and minimize its life-cycle cost. This methodology is applied to the case of a rural village in Burkina Faso, where we have been collecting technical and socio-economic data for 2 years. The first main originality of this work is the modelling of the link between the design of a PVWPS and its socio-economic impact, which allows to include the socio-economic impact to be included as an objective function of the optimisation. The second main originality is the inclusion of the geographical position of the PVWPS in the village as an optimisation variable, in addition to the sizing of the system. There is potential for applying the proposed methodology for the set-up of other types of systems such as community mills powered by photovoltaic energy in isolated areas and public charging points for electrical vehicles in cities.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02414400, version 1

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Simon Meunier. Optimal design of photovoltaic water pumping systems for rural communities – a technical, economic and social approach. Electric power. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLS440⟩. ⟨tel-02414400⟩

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