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Conception and realization of an indoor multi-user Light-Fidelity link

Abstract : Nowadays, the number of connected devices requiring access to mobile data is considerably increasing. The arrival of even more connected multimedia objects and the growing demand for more information per device highlighted the limits of the fourth generation of broadband cellular networks (4G). This pushed for the development of new methods, one of which is 5G. The goal is to be able to support the growth of wearable, sensors, or related internet-of-object (IoT) systems. The vision behind 5G is to enable a fully mobile and connected society with a consistent experience. In consequence, there is a fundamental need to achieve a seamless and consistent user experience across time and space.Small cells are the basis of advanced communications standards such as 4G and now, 5G. They exist as a result of using higher frequency bands for RF access in order to support new standards and the increasing demands in bandwidth. 5G use millimeter waves and requires a deployment across indoor and dense urban environment which may prove to be a challenge. This is where 5G will need to include hybrid networking solutions and be able to coexist with other wireless access technologies. Visible light communication (VLC) fits into that mold since visible light corresponds to the band between 400 and 800 THz. The available spectrum is multiple thousand times the size of the RF spectrum and it does not interfere with it. The technique combines illumination with communication at possibly tens of gigabits per second. It has the potential to offer a synergistic pairing with 5G in a hybrid network, offering high speed, no interferences, and more security at the cost of limited coverage and low technological maturity.The goal of this thesis is thus to propose and evaluate an experimental implementation of an indoor multi-user VLC system in order to answer the objectives of Li-Fi setup in the context of a small cell. The first step of this study is a detailed state-of-the-art on VLC in indoor wireless communication and multi-user access. It allows the design of our work to be better explained and to compare our approach with existing works. The second step is an analysis of the principles and hypothesis supporting the indoor multi-user VLC system in the study both on the modulation technique and the multi-user access schemes. The conclusions drawn from theoretical and numerical analysis are used as a basis for the rest of the work. The third step is the experimental setup investigations on the single-user broadcast performances optimization and then on the multi-user performances of the system using various schemes. The total throughput using an off-the-shelf white LED reaches 163 Mb/s with a bit-error rate decreased by a factor of 3.55 thanks to the performance optimization process. This technique has the advantage of increasing the flexibility for a multi-access scenario while not augmenting the complexity as it only optimizes the modulation filter parameters. The multi-user access is obtained for a cell size of 4.56 m² at a distance of 2.15 meter away from the transmitter. The user capacity can reach up to 40 users, or 40.62 Mb/s in a 4-user scenario. It is thus demonstrated that the proposed system could function as a cell at a realistic range, with high data rate and the ability to provide for a large amount of users while limiting the cost of implementation.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 19, 2019 - 5:05:12 PM
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Mounir Mohammedi Merah. Conception and realization of an indoor multi-user Light-Fidelity link. Networking and Internet Architecture [cs.NI]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLV061⟩. ⟨tel-02409159v2⟩

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