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Fragmentation des hydrocarbures CHy(+) (y=2-4) par collision. AGAT@ANDROMEDE.

Abstract : In the interstellar medium, among the 200 molecules observed, the hydrocarbons are in abundance. The formation of hydrocarbons CHy(+) is done between a C+ and a hydrocarbon atom or molecule. Thereafter, these hydrocarbons are reacting between them to form bigger hydrocarbons. Therefore, they are the precursor of all the hydrocarbons present in the interstellar medium, so it is necessary to study them in details. These hydrocarbons CHy(+) are under a lot of different physical processes in the interstellar medium including the collision with an electron, the absorption of an ultra violet photon or a cosmic ray. They will be excited by these processes and gain excess energy they will liberate by fragmentation which leads to a redistribution of species. Therefore, a precise knowledge of the rate of reaction and of the branching ratios of the fragmentation is needed to do specific simulations in the chemistry of the interstellar medium. In order to document all these branching ratios, no matter the physical or chemical process at stake, we experimentally built semi-empirical breakdown curves which are the branching ratios of the paths of fragmentation as a function of the internal energy of the molecule.The experiment was done using the AGAT silicon multi-detector and the ANDROMEDE accelerator. CHy(+) molecules produced at high velocity (3 u.a.) are collided with He atom at rest in the lab. Thanks to the experimental developments, all fragments, neutral or charged, are separately identified, allowing to resolve all fragmentation channels. Therefore, we have been able to measure fragmentation branching ratios for CHyq+ (y=2-4, q=0-3) and the kinetic energy distributions of the neutral fragments.From the branching ratios, the kinetic energy distributions and the theoretical dissociation energies we built BDCs that revealed to be in accordance with the experimental branching ratios which already exists in the literature concerning the photo dissociation, the dissociative recombination and the electronic collisions. Finally, a model has been developed to predict the chemical reactions of the branching ratios as well as to predict their evolution with the temperature.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 13, 2019 - 10:23:10 AM
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Tijani Id Barkach. Fragmentation des hydrocarbures CHy(+) (y=2-4) par collision. AGAT@ANDROMEDE.. Agrégats Moléculaires et Atomiques [physics.atm-clus]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLS263⟩. ⟨tel-02408706⟩

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