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L’État à la lettre. Institutions de l’écrit et configurations de la société administrative durant les guerres de religion (vers 1570 - vers 1610. Royaume de France)

Abstract : This study explores how the French Royal State establishes at the heart of its apparatus of power structures specialized in the manipulation, projection, and reception of political writing. These structures are intended to end the troubles of the Wars of Religion, to win political positions against corps and communities, and to strategically, politically, and theoretically arm both battles as well as military and ceremonial contacts across Europe. The actors in these new structures are secretaries of State and secretaries. From this exceptionally intense political crisis, they help bring about a new governmentality that prepares and announces the coming of the administrative monarchy and the pre-bureaucracies of the second part of the 17th Century. As the heart of the state and the conduit of royal desire, secretaries mobilize their professional skills in the service of the sovereign. Their functional position in the state grows into the cutting edge of a political society undergoing intense restructuring. They thus form an administrative society with codes, uses, and practices closely related to their Spanish and English European counterparts, following the increasing internationalism of the Wars of Religion. The heuristic concept of the European “Republic of bureaus” once more asks questions regarding the transnational circulation of administrative knowledge and the transfers of government models. The increased attention to the materiality of the work of government bureaus on the European scale gives this study the dimension of a cultural history of the State, centered on the games of actors and scales, the resolution of conflicts, and the collaboration and connections at the heart of networks of information.
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Jérémie Ferrer-Bartomeu. L’État à la lettre. Institutions de l’écrit et configurations de la société administrative durant les guerres de religion (vers 1570 - vers 1610. Royaume de France). Histoire. Paris, Ecole nationale des chartes, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017ENCP0002⟩. ⟨tel-02407162⟩

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