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Frittage micro-ondes du matériau spinelle MgAl2O4 : vers des céramiques transparentes

Abstract : The elaboration of transparent ceramics (no porosity, no second phase) requires a strict control of all steps of the process (synthesis, shaping, sintering). As a result, the industrialization of a reproducible process is still difficult to achieve. In this context, this thesis has focused on developing and evaluating the ability of the microwave sintering process to improve the robustness of the transparent spinel elaboration process.The set-up of an optical dilatometer and a new original calibration method, based of melting of different oxides, allowed to characterize the microwave sintering with a greater confidence. Even if no microwave effect has been observed on the sintering of pure spinel (identical sintering trajectory, densification mechanism and porosity evolution), this work has shown an amplification of the impact of dopants during microwave sintering. A shift of the shrinkage curves towards the low temperatures was observed during the microwave sintering of the spinel doped with TiO2 and MgO. The existence of a particular interaction between charged point defects (vacancies, interstitial cations) and the electric field could explain this phenomenon.This work thesis has shown also the feasibility of sintering of large square spinel pieces (< 65 mm) compatible with post treatment HIP in order to produce transparent ceramics. For this purpose, the microwave system working at 915 MHz was automatized and a new sintering configuration was developed. After a post-treatment, the transparency and mechanical properties (hardness; tenacity) of microwave pre-sintered samples were comparable with those of samples sintered by conventional heating.
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Rodolphe Macaigne. Frittage micro-ondes du matériau spinelle MgAl2O4 : vers des céramiques transparentes. Matériaux. Normandie Université, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017NORMC236⟩. ⟨tel-02406009⟩

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