Influence des montants arrières arrondis sur l'aérodynamique des véhicules bicorps

Abstract : For the last decades car manufacturers have been facing the challenging task of reducing fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. In response to that, optimization processes have been applied to generate new vehicle shapes minimizing the aerodynamic drag. Since the obtained optimal shapes have no brand differentiating details, stylists are nowadays trying to give back a brand signature by proposing "non-conventional" shapes characterized by important rear pillars rounding. The present PhD work experimentally quantifies the influence of such afterbody rounding on the aerodynamic loads and on the flow field development over fastback vehicle models.Rounding the roof/backlight of the well-known Ahmed body intersection is shown to reduce drag. Surprisingly, additional rear curvature associated with side pillars rounding does not further modify the drag. However, the zero net effect is found to result from opposite drag effects. To further increase the complexity and fidelity of the model, a model is realized in partnership with the style department of PSA. Crosswind sensitivity is also investigated by means of yaw angle variation. It is shown that the rear ends with rounded edges deteriorate the lateral. The understanding of the afterbody rounding effects is shown to be valid even for increasing complexity of the models. Finally, full scale test confirms the trends observed with the scaled models.
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Giacomo Rossitto. Influence des montants arrières arrondis sur l'aérodynamique des véhicules bicorps. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016ESMA0010⟩. ⟨tel-02402039⟩

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