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Conception et étude de nouveaux peptides vecteurs cycliques

Abstract : Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) are short, cationic or amphipatic peptides, usually containing less than 30 amino acids, which are able to deliver various bioactive cargoes inside cells. Among the many CPPs described in the literature, the arginine-rich peptides have attracted particular attention. Several chemical modifications of the peptide backbone leading to different spatial distributions of the CPP functional groups, or the introduction of aliphatic chains have been made to enhance their internalization efficiency. The aim of this work was the synthesis of new cyclic CPPs containing a minimal cationic domain and their functionalisation with an aliphatic chain. We have synthesised a small library of fifteen new cyclic carriers including the classical CPPs Penetratin and R6W3 using native chemical ligation (NCL) in solution. The introduction of an N-terminal Cys residue and of a C-terminal thioester (or precursor) in the initial linear peptide sequence allowed the head-to-tail cyclisation. The efficiency of cargo delivery in CHO cells was measured by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. We found that cyclisation of CPPs improved their internalisation efficiency mostly by glycosaminoglycan-dependent endocytosis. Among the whole series of lipopeptides tested in this project, two sequences are distinguished by their remarkable ability to cross cellular membranes: the peptides [C12-R4] and [C12-R7].
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  • HAL Id : tel-02401914, version 1

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Mehdi Amoura. Conception et étude de nouveaux peptides vecteurs cycliques. Biochimie [q-bio.BM]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA066635⟩. ⟨tel-02401914⟩

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