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Study of the dark components of the Universe with the Euclid mission

Abstract : The concordance model of cosmology, called ΛCDM, is a success, since it is able to reproduce the main cosmological observations with great accuracy and only few parameters. However, it predicts the existence of cold dark matter and dark energy in the form of a cosmological constant, which have not been directly detected yet. Therefore, it is important to consider models going beyond ΛCDM, and confront them against observations, in order to improve our knowledge on the dark sector of the Universe. The future Euclid satellite from the European Space Agency will probe a huge volume of the large-scale structure of the Universe using mainly the clustering of galaxies and the distortion of their images due to gravitational lensing. In this work, we quantitatively estimate the constraining power of the future Euclid data for the concordance model, as well as for some phenomenological extensions of it, modifying both dark components of the Universe. In particular, we pay special attention to the cross-correlations between the different Euclid probes when combining them, and assess their impact on the final results. On one hand, we show that Euclid will provide exquisite constraints on cosmological models that will definitely shed light on the dark sector. On the other hand, we show that cross-correlations between Euclid probes cannot be neglected in future analyses, and, more importantly, that the addition of these correlations largely improves the constraints on the cosmological parameters.
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Isaac Tutusaus Lleixa. Study of the dark components of the Universe with the Euclid mission. Astrophysics [astro-ph]. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018TOU30212⟩. ⟨tel-02401134⟩

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