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Croissance et remobilisation crustales au Pan-Africain dans le sud du massif du Ouaddaï (Tchad)

Abstract : This thesis is devoted to crustal growth and Pan-African reworking in the south of the Ouaddaï massif in Chad, located at the southern margin of the Sahara Metacraton and north of the Congo Craton. Geologic mapping has allowed to identify metasedimentary units alternating with amphibolites and intruded by plutonic rocks with intermediate to felsic composition. Amphibolites correspond to pre-tectonic tholeiitic basalts derived from the partial melting of the depleted mantle (ƐNd540= 4). The felsic rocks, represented by S-type leucogranites yielding U-Pb zircon ages of 635 ± 3 Ma and 612 ± 8 Ma, are derived from the partial melting of metasediments. High-K calc-alkaline I-type granitoids yielding U-Pb zircon ages at 538 ± 5 Ma, and including a shoshonitic pyroxene-monzonite yielding U-Pb zircon ages at 538 ± 5 Ma are characterized by radiogenic isotopic signatures (ƐNd540= -4 et -15) and are partial melting of an enriched mantle with a potential impact of mixing of mantle and crustal-derived magmas. Metasedimentary rocks display a NE-SW trending S0/S1-2 foliation associated with centimeter to hectometer scales F1 and F2 isoclinal folds delineating hook type interferences pattern and bearing a L1-2 lineation weakly dipping towards the NW. The S0/S1-2 foliation is also affected by upright open F3 folds marked by the development of a faint axial planar S3 schistosity variably dipping to the NNW or NW. Zircon detrital grains with Hf signatures pointing to an Archaean to Paleoproterozoic inheritance indicates that metasedimentary rocks are derived from erosion of the surrounding cratons and were deposited in the early Neoproterozoic. These rocks were subsequently affected by deformation and metamorphism dated at 627 ± 7 Ma (by Th-U-Pb on monazite) and at 602 ±3 Ma (by U-Pb on zircon), typical of green schist facies and amphibolite facies. [...]
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Félix Djerossem Nenadji. Croissance et remobilisation crustales au Pan-Africain dans le sud du massif du Ouaddaï (Tchad). Tectonique. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018TOU30319⟩. ⟨tel-02401065⟩

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