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Les représentations du juge criminel dans la pensée politique française (1748-1791)

Abstract : This thesis on the end of the Ancien Régime extends from 1748 to 1791. This research work is an exploration of the judicial figure and its scholarly and popular representations on the given period. Thus the philosophers of the eighteenth century contributes largely through their political theories to a theoretical renewal of judicial representations. This renewal is also accompanied by literary fecundity in the utopian genre. This is proof that the criminal question is a political question on the eve of the French Revolution.This work of judicial renewal continues with the National Constituent Assembly between 1789 and 1791. It continues in a practical angle. It is probably here that lies the break between the constituent deputies and the Enlightenment philosophers. The former will put in place a judicial system where only logic exists. This system is motivated by a hatred of the 18th century criminal court. The second, the philosophers, criticized the judge for the sake of the need for freedom. They are in this respect the extension of humanism and the precursors of liberalism.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 9, 2019 - 9:47:11 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02399382, version 1



Yan-Erick Fajon. Les représentations du juge criminel dans la pensée politique française (1748-1791). Droit. Université Côte d'Azur, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019AZUR0021⟩. ⟨tel-02399382⟩



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