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Caractérisation structurale et fonctionnelle de la peptide déformylase du phage Vp16T

Abstract : Being synthesized proteins undergo very early changes in their N-terminal end, since it emerges from the outlet channel of the ribosome. The first modification is the excision of the initiator methionine, provided by a methionine aminopeptidase (MetAP), preceded by its deformylating enzyme peptide deformylase (PDF) in bacteria and in mitochondria and chloroplasts. This process is ubiquitous and essential, and has been described in the kingdom of life. In bacteria, Type 1B PDFs would bind to the ribosome near the end of the outlet tunnel of the nascent peptide via its C-terminal helix α. But recent metagenomic analyzes revealed the unexpected presence of genes encoding putative PDFs in marine viruses. Unexpectedly, all viral PDF have very short C-terminal sequences and lacking the α3 helix. The identification of these atypical PDFs then raises new questions about their possible interaction with ribosome and their biological function. The aim of my thesis was therefore to achieve the complete and integrated characterization of peptide deformylase bacteriophage Vp16T, the sequence is one of the shortest known to date. I showed that the phage Vp16T code an active protein in vivo and in vitro, and can bind to the ribosome despite the absence of the C-terminal helix α. The structure-function characterization Vp16PDF revealed unique features that could then explain its function in the replication of the phage. Thus I have shown that expression in E. coli Vp16PDF modifies the envelope structure, induces accumulation of aggregates and ultimately inhibits bacterial growth. In addition, the study of mutant bacterial strains showed that Vp16PDF specifically interfere with the folding and addressing of membrane proteins. This latter function could help destabilize the membrane of the host and thereby promote release of viral particles.
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Julien Nusbaum. Caractérisation structurale et fonctionnelle de la peptide déformylase du phage Vp16T. Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLS510⟩. ⟨tel-02398199⟩

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